Symbolic Space: French Enlightenment Architecture and Its Legacy
Richard A. Etlin explores the social and cultural hierarchies established in eighteenth-century France to illustrate how the conceptual basis of the modern house and the physical layout of the modern city emerged from debates among theoretically innovative French architects of the eighteenth-century. Examining a broad range of topics from architecture and urbanism to gardening and funerary monuments, he shows how the work of these architects was informed by considerations of symbolic space.
For Etlin, the eighteenth-century city was a place in which actual physical space was subjected to a complex mental layering of conceptual spaces. He focuses on the design theory of Boullée and Durand and charts their legacy through the architecture of Paul Philippe Cret, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Louis Kahn. He defines the distinctive features of neoclassicism and outlines the new grammar for classical architecture articulated by theorists and architects such as Laugier, Leroy, and Ledoux.
After discussing the eighteenth-century hôtel, revolutionary space, and the transformation of the image of the cemetery, Etlin examines the space of absence as embodied in commemorative architecture from Boullée and Gilly to Cret, Wright, and Terragni. His book provides an accessible introduction to a century of architecture that transformed the classical forms of the Renaissance and Baroque periods into building types still familiar today.
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Abrege aesthetic amphitheater Anthony Vidler architect Architecture of Death Archives Baroque Beaux-Arts Boullee's burial ground cemetery project Cenotaph central century chapel Chapter civic Claude-Nicolas Ledoux columnar screen competition Corbusier Cordemoy created Cret's decoration Detroit Institute dome Durand eighteenth eighteenth-century entrance Essai Etienne-Louis Boullee Etlin exterior facade Figure floor Frank Lloyd Wright French funerary Giuseppe Terragni grand hall Henri Labrouste hygiene ideal Indianapolis Public Library Institute of Arts interior Jacques-Francois Blondel L'Architecture consideree sous Laugier legislation 1804 Leroy Louis Louis Kahn Marc-Antoine Laugier metaphorical moeurs monuments Museum Nationale nature neoclassical architecture Palais National Pan American Union Paris patio Paul Cret Paul Philippe Cret Pere Lachaise piers primitive hut pyramid rapport de I'art Revolution revolutionary space ring colonnade sacrarium Sainte-Genevieve sous le rapport space of absence square symbolic character symbolic space temple-like space Terragni tion tomb typological Unity Temple walls