Political Essay on the Kingdom of New Spain: With Physical Sections and Maps Founded on Astronomical Observations and Trigonometrical and Barometrical Measurements, Volume 2

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Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1822 - Mexico

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Page 355 - Guanaxuato, and the Villa de Leon, and which surround the richest mines of the known world. Wherever metallic seams have been discovered in the most uncultivated parts of the Cordilleras, on the insulated and desert table-lands, the working of mines, far from impeding the cultivation of the soil, has been singularly favourable to it.
Page 148 - But the greatest obstacle to the public prosperity arises from four fifths of the whole property (Jincas) belonging to mortmain proprietors; that is to say, to communities of monks, to chapters, corporations, and hospitals. The intendancy of Puebla has very considerable salt-works near Chila, Xicotlan, and Ocotlan (in the district of Chiautla), as also near Zapotitlan. The beautiful marble, known by the name of...
Page 6 - I'andtncia in which ten or twelve persons sit constantly for determining any disputes which may arise respecting the sale of goods. There are other persons who mix continually with the crowd, to see that a just price is asked. We have seen them break the false measures, which they had seized from the merchants.
Page 161 - In the month of June, 1759, a subterraneous noise was heard. Hollow noises of a most alarming nature...
Page 201 - In this foggy and cold region, therefore, want spurs on the Indian to labour, and excites his industry. At the height of San Miguel pines begin to mingle with the oaks, which are found by the traveller as high as the elevated plains of Perote, where he beholds the delightful aspect of fields sown with wheat. Eight hundred metres higher, the coldness of the climate will no longer admit...
Page 6 - The city is as large as Seville or Cordova. The streets, I merely speak of the principal ones, are very narrow and very large; some are half dry and half occupied by navigable canals, furnished with very well-constructed wooden bridges, broad enough for ten men on horseback to pass at the same time.
Page 150 - are better clothed than any we have hitherto seen. People in easy circumstances wear cloaks above their dress. These cloaks differ from those of Africa, for they have pockets, though the cut, cloth, and fringes are the same. The environs of the city are very fertile and well cultivated. Almost all the fields may be watered, and the city is much more beautiful than all those in Spain, for it is well fortified, and built on very level ground.
Page 164 - It is continually burning, and has thrown up from the north side an immense quantity of scorified and basaltic lavas, containing fragments of primitive rocks. These great eruptions of the central volcano continued till the month of February 1760. In the following years, they became gradually less frequent. The Indians, frightened at the horrible noises of the new volcano, abandoned at first all the villages situated within seven or eight leagues distance of the plains of Jorullo.
Page 275 - The sky is constantly serene and of a deep blue, and without a cloud ; and should any clouds appear for a moment at the setting of the sun, they display the most beautiful shades of violet, purple, and green.
Page 356 - ... and co-operating industry, it is not the most solid or genuinely productive and lucrative industry, and all human experience shows that a people never attain the highest prosperity and the best culture who are largely devoted to a single pursuit. Humboldt says "the influence of the mines on the progressive cultivation of the country is more durable than they are themselves.

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