The Birth of Tajikistan: National Identity and the Origins of the Republic
A vivid history of the birth of a nation. When the Russian Revolution broke out in October 1917, much of Central Asia was still ruled by autonomous rulers such as the Emir of Bukhara and the Khan of Khiva. By 1920 the khanates had been transformed into People's Republics, and, in 1924, Stalin re-drew the frontiers on ethno-linguistic lines creating, amongst other statelets, the Soviet Socialist Republic of Uzbekistan - the land of the Uzbeks. But the Uzbeks were not the only significant ethnic group within the new Uzbekistan's frontiers. An older people, the Tajiks, formed a considerable part of the population. This book describes how, often in the teeth of Uzbek opposition, the Tajiks gained, first an autonomous oblast within Uzbekistan, then an autonomous republic, and finally, in 1929, the status of a full Soviet Union Republic. Once the Tajiks had acquired their own republic, they began to acquire a national identity and national pride. The new government had not only to survive the civil war that followed the revolution but then to build an entirely new country in an immensely inhospitable terrain. New frontiers had to be wrested from neighbours, and a new cultural identity, "national in form but socialist in content", had to be created. This book is the first documentation of how the idea of a Tajik state came into being.
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Afghanistan Aga Khan Amir areas army Asia Office Sredazburo Asian Ayni Badakhshan Basmachestvo Basmachi Bolshevik British Bukharan Emirate census Central Asia Central Asia Office Central Committee Central Executive Committee centre century Chairman Commission Committee TsIK Communist Party Congress of Soviets cultural Darya Dushanbe Dyakov Eastern Bukhara economic Emirate ethnic Faizulla Khojaev frontier GARF Gotfrid Governorate-General Iranian ishans Islamov Ismaili Ispolburo Ispolkom Jadid Kazakh Khojand Khojibaev Kokand Kyrgyz Maksum Masov Moscow mountains Muhieddinov nationalist Obkom Okrug Organisation Pamirs pan-Turkic Party card party membership People's Commissar People's Commissariat People's Soviet Republic Persian political Presidium Provincial Committee Raion region Revkom revolution RKKA RTsKhDNI Fond 62 Russian Samarkand Samarkand and Bukhara Sart Shohtimur Stalin Surkhan-Darya Tajik ASSR Tajik Autonomous Oblast Tajik language Tajik national Tajik Provincial Tajik-speakers Tajikistan Tashkent TASSR Tojik Turkestan ASSR Turkic Turkmen union republic Ura Teppe USSR Uzbek Party Uzbekistan UzSSR volost Zelenskii Zeravshan