Forcing the Spring: The Transformation of the American Environmental Movement

Front Cover
Island Press, 1993 - Health & Fitness - 413 pages
0 Reviews
Forcing the Spring challenges standard histories of the environmental movement by offering a broad and inclusive interpretation of past environmentalist thought and a sweeping redefinition of the nature of the contemporary environmental movement. Robert Gottlieb demonstrates the centrality of environmental concerns to a wide range of social movements of the past century as he explores the connections between pressures on human and natural environments and the role of these pressures in shaping society. His analysis provides fundamental new insights into the past and future of the American environmental movement by placing it within the larger context of American social history.After considering the historical roots of environmentalism from the 1890s through the 1960s, Gottlieb discusses the rise and consolidation of environmental groups in the years between Earth Day 1970 and Earth Day 1990. He examines the increasing professionalization of the major environmental organizations and the parallel rise of community-based groups over the past decade, and ends with an in-depth consideration of the role of ethnicity, gender, and class in the formation and definition of movements.

From inside the book

What people are saying - Write a review

FORCING THE SPRING: The Transformation of the American Environmental Movement

User Review  - Jane Doe - Kirkus

An earnest dissertation on environmentalism as a complex social movement that began in response to industrialization, urbanization, and the closing of the frontier. Gottlieb (A Life of Its Own, 1988 ... Read full review

Forcing the Spring: The Transformation Of The American Environmental Movement

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

This book will considerably expand most readers' knowledge of environmentalism as experienced in the past and present in the United States. Gottlieb, a teacher in UCLA's Urban Planning Program and ... Read full review


Where We Live Work and Play
The Limits of the Traditional
The Search for Protection

13 other sections not shown

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

About the author (1993)

Robert Gottlieb is the author of several books on environmental and resource policy. Gottlieb is a long-time environmental and social justice activist whose writings have appeared in numerous New Left and environmental journals as well as The Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, and Unomasuno.

Bibliographic information