An Elementary Treatise on Algebra: To which are Added Exponential Equations and Logarithms
James Munroe and Company, 1860 - Algebra - 284 pages
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Common terms and phrases
approximate values becomes body called coefficient consequently contained continued product Corollary corresponding decimal denominator denote derivative difference Divide dividend division Elimination equal roots EXAMPLES exponent expressed Extract factor figure Find Find the greatest Find the square Find the sum fourth fraction Free function given equation gives greater greatest common divisor Hence imaginary increased integral known last term less letter limit logarithm means method monomials multiplied negative number of real number of terms obtained places polynomial positive preceding Problem progression proportion quotient ratio real roots reduced remainder result reverse row of signs Solution Solve the equation square root substitution subtracted successive Theorem third true unity unknown quantity variable whence zero
Page 48 - In any proportion the terms are in proportion by Composition and Division ; that is, the sum of the first two terms is to their difference, as the sum of the last two terms is to their difference.
Page 55 - There is a number consisting of two digits, the second of which is greater than the first, and if the number be divided by the sum of its digits, the quotient is 4...
Page 130 - The rule of art. 28, applied to this case, in which the factors are all equal, gives for. the coefficient of the required power the same power of the given coefficient, and for the exponent of each letter the given exponent added to itself as many times as there are units in the exponent of the required power. Hence...
Page 127 - Multiply the divisor, thus increased, by the last figure of the root; subtract the product from the dividend, and to the remainder bring down the next period for a new dividend.
Page 159 - A certain capital is let at 4 per cent. ; if we multiply the number of dollars in the capital, by the number of dollars in the interest for 5 months, we obtain 11?041§.
Page 172 - Ans. 15 and 26. 31. What two numbers are they, whose sum is a, and the sum of whose squares is b 1 Ans.
Page 232 - An equation of any degree whatever cannot have a greater number of positive roots than there are variations in the signs of Us terms, nor a greater number of negative roots than there are permanences of these signs.
Page 63 - A term may be transposed from one member of an equation to the other by changing its sign.
Page 45 - Given three terms of a proportion, to find the fourth. Solution. The following solution is immediately obtained from the test. When the required term is an extreme, divide the product of the means by the given extreme, and the quotient is the required extreme. When the required term is a mean, divide the product of the extremes by the given mean, and the quotient is the required mean.
Page 196 - Hence, to find the sum, multiply the first term by the difference between unity and that power of the ratio whose exponent is equal to the number of terms, and divide the product by the difference between unity and the ratio. Examples in Geometrical Progression.