America's Role in Nation-Building: From Germany to Iraq
Rand Corporation, Aug 1, 2003 - Political Science - 280 pages
The post-World War II occupations of Germany and Japan set standards for postconflict nation-building that have not since been matched. Only in recent years has the United States has felt the need to participate in similar transformations, but it is now facing one of the most challenging prospects since the 1940s: Iraq. The authors review seven case studies--Germany, Japan, Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan--and seek lessons about what worked well and what did not. Then, they examine the Iraq situation in light of these lessons. Success in Iraq will require an extensive commitment of financial, military, and political resources for a long time. The United States cannot afford to contemplate early exit strategies and cannot afford to leave the job half completed.
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Chapter One INTRODUCTION
Chapter Two GERMANY
Chapter Three JAPAN
Chapter Four SOMALIA
Chapter Five HAITI
Chapter Six BOSNIA
Chapter Seven KOSOVO
Afghan Afghanistan agencies Allied Bank Bosnia Bosnia and Herzegovina capita GDP challenges civil administration civilian coalition conflict coordination country’s created currency Dayton Accord demobilization democracy democratic denazification donors economic growth efforts elections ensure established ethnic European external foreign funds Germany groups Haiti Haitian humanitarian assistance implementation important initially institutions intervention Iraq Iraq’s Iraqi Japan Japanese government Kabul KFOR Kosovar Kosovo Kurdish loya jirga MacArthur major mandate ment military forces million mission nation-building NGOs nomic occupation Office operations organizations parties peace peacekeeping percent police force political population postconflict authorities postwar purge reconstruction reform refugees regime regional responsibility role SCAP sector Serbian Serbs SFOR Shiite Somalia Soviet stabilization Taliban tion transformation U.S. and international U.S. forces U.S. government U.S. military U.S. troops UNHCR UNITAF United unity of command UNMIK UNOSOM UNSCR Washington zones