Sabiston Textbook of Surgery: Expert Consult Premium Edition: Enhanced Online Features

Front Cover
Elsevier Health Sciences, Nov 21, 2007 - Medical - 2100 pages
This distinguished reference carries on a 70-year legacy as the world's most thorough, useful, readable, and understandable text on the principles and techniques of surgery. Its peerless contributors deliver all the well-rounded, state-of-the-art knowledge you need to richly grasp the pathophysiology and optimal management of every surgical condition-so you can make the best clinical decisions, avoid complications, manage unusual situations, and achieve the best possible outcomes. It is a valuable review tool for certification/recertification preparation, and an indispensable source of guidance on overcoming the challenges that arise in everyday practice. As an Expert Consult title, the thoroughly updated 18th edition comes with access to the complete contents online, fully searchable-enabling you to consult it rapidly from any computer with an Internet connection. In addition, this Premium Edition includes timely clinical updates online, plus links to MEDLINE, downloadable illustrations, bonus journal articles, review questions, and much more.Offers a more distinguished team of contributors and a better blend of clinical and basic-science information than any other source, providing you with the best possible understanding of the clinical issues surrounding every operative situation.
Features a more user-friendly format, a larger and more helpful array of full-color illustrations, and a more versatile and well-constructed web site than other resources-making the answers that you need easier to locate and understand quickly.
Offers an organization and content that parallels the written board American Board of Surgery exam, providing excellent preparation for certification and recertification.Includes access to the complete contents online, fully searchable, PLUS timely updates to reflect new scientific and clinical developments references linked to MEDLINE downloadable illustrations bonus articles from important surgery periodicals (such as Surgical Clinics of North America, the American Journal of Surgery, Operative Techniques in General Surgery, and Seminars in Colon and Rectal Surgery) review questions and other valuable features.
Incorporates an enhanced emphasis on surgical outcomes to mirror the growing importance of this topic.
Delivers comprehensive updates to keep you current with the latest research, techniques, and emerging procedures in the field, as well as completely new chapters on "Surgical Patient Safety" and "Regenerative Medicine."
 

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Contents

IMPORTANCE OF UNDERSTANDING SURGICAL HISTORY
HISTORICAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SURGERY AND MEDICINE
KNOWLEDGE OF HUMAN ANATOMY
METHOD OF CONTROLLING HEMORRHAGE
PATHOPHYSIOLOGIC BASIS OF SURGICAL DISEASES
ANESTHESIA
ANTISEPSIS ASEPSIS AND UNDERSTANDING THE NATURE OF INFECTION
XRAYS
Other
HYPERCALCEMIC CRISIS
HYPOPARATHYROIDISM
PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM
SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM IN RENAL FAILURE
TERTIARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM
INHERITED PARATHYROID DISEASE
PARATHYROID CARCINOMA

TURN OF THE 20TH CENTURY
ASCENT OF SCIENTIFIC SURGERY
INTERNATIONALIZATION SURGICAL SOCIETIES AND JOURNALS
WORLD WAR I
AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS
WOMEN SURGEONS
AFRICAN AMERICAN SURGEONS
MODERN ERA
LAST HALF OF THE 20TH CENTURY
CARDIAC SURGERY AND ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION
POLITICAL AND SOCIOECONOMIC INFLUENCES
20TH CENTURY SURGICAL HIGHLIGHTS
FUTURE TRENDS
HUMAN GENOME
RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY
CELL SIGNALING
CELL DIVISION CYCLE
APOPTOSIS
NOVEL TREATMENT STRATEGIES
ETHICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL AND LEGAL IMPLICATIONS
BASIC DEFINITIONS AND CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS
INTERFERONγ
INTERLEUKIN1 AND TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR
Endogenous Factors
MicrobeDerived Factors
INTERLEUKIN6 AND INTERLEUKIN11
INTERLEUKIN8 AND OTHER CHEMOKINES
INTERLEUKIN12
INTERLEUKIN18
INTERLEUKIN4 INTERLEUKIN10 AND INTERLEUKIN13
TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTORβ
MACROPHAGE MIGRATION INHIBITORY FACTOR
COMPLEMENT
ENDOGENOUS DANGER SIGNALS
EICOSANOIDS THROMBOXANE PROSTAGLANDINS AND LEUKOTRIENES
NITRIC OXIDE
CARBON MONOXIDE
REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES
BODY WATER AND SOLUTE COMPOSITION
ACIDBASE BALANCE
Normal Components of the HendersonHasselbalch Equation
Normal Arterial Blood Gas
EXTRACELLULAR FLUID DISTRIBUTION BETWEEN PLASMA VOLUME AND INTERSTITIAL LYMPHATIC VOLUME
CELLULAR AEROBIC FUNCTION AND DYSFUNCTION
PHYSIOLOGIC CONTROL OF PERFUSION PRESSURE
THE SURGEONS RESPONSE TO SHOCK
HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK
SEPTIC SHOCK
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome SIRS
Septic Shock
CARDIOGENIC SHOCK
SHOCK ASSOCIATED WITH ADRENAL INSUFFICIENCY
BACKGROUND
HEMOSTASIS AND COAGULATION
DISORDERS OF HEMOSTASIS AND COAGULATION
CONGENITAL HEMORRHAGIC DISORDERS
ACQUIRED HEMORRHAGIC DISORDERS
DISSEMINATED INTRAVASCULAR COAGULATION
THROMBOTIC DISORDERS
PREPARATION OF BLOOD COMPONENTS
CLINICAL INDICATIONS AND USE OF BLOOD COMPONENTS
RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH BLOOD TRANSFUSION
MASSIVE TRANSFUSION
BLOOD SUBSTITUTES AND ALTERNATIVES TO TRANSFUSION
OVERVIEW
METABOLIC ADAPTATIONS IN CATABOLIC STATES AND REGULATION OF NITROGEN BALANCE
FUNDAMENTALS OF ARTIFICIAL NUTRITION
PRACTICAL APPROACH TO ARTIFICIAL NUTRITION
Primary Therapy
Areas Under Intensive Study
CONTROVERSIES IN ARTIFICIAL NUTRITION
NOVEL APPROACHES FOR REDUCING CACHEXIA
SUMMARY
TISSUE INJURY AND RESPONSE
WOUNDHEALING PHASES
ABNORMAL WOUND HEALING
FETAL WOUND HEALING
WOUND DRESSINGS
NEW HORIZONS
STEM CELL SOURCES
STEM CELL APPLICATIONS IN REGENERATIVE MEDICINE
CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK
TWO MAIN APPLICATIONS OF OUTCOMES RESEARCH
DATA SOURCES
National Level
State Level
IS THE STUDY VALID?
IS THE STUDY FOCUSING ON THE RIGHT OUTCOME MEASURE?
IS THE INTERVENTION COSTEFFECTIVE?
CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF STUDIES OF SURGICAL QUALITY
HISTORY
Diagnostic
Treatment
THE PATIENT SAFETY PROBLEM
THE SCIENCE OF SAFETY AND JOINT COGNITIVE SYSTEMS
SAFER SURGICAL SYSTEMS
PREOPERATIVE PREPARATION OF THE PATIENT
SYSTEMS APPROACH TO PREOPERATIVE EVALUATION
No HPA Axis Suppression
HPA Axis Suppression Documented or Presumed
HPA Axis Suppression Uncertain
ADDITIONAL PREOPERATIVE CONSIDERATIONS
PREOPERATIVE CHECKLIST
POTENTIAL CAUSES OF INTRAOPERATIVE INSTABILITY
PRINCIPLES OF OPERATIVE SURGERY
THE OPERATING ROOM
SURGICAL DEVICES AND ENERGY SOURCES
OUTPATIENT SURGERY
General
Respiratory
Hepatic
PHYSICS AND INSTRUMENTATION
CLINICAL USES OF ULTRASOUND
SURGEON EDUCATION IN ULTRASOUND
SUMMARY
SURGICAL SITE INFECTIONS
SPECIFIC SURGICAL INFECTIONS
PATHOGENS IN SURGICAL INFECTIONS
ANTIMICROBIALS
SURGICAL WOUND COMPLICATIONS
Superficial Incisional
Organ Space
COMPLICATIONS OF THERMAL REGULATION
PULMONARY COMPLICATIONS
Increased Hydrostatic Pressure
Altered Permeability State
Mixed or Incompletely Understood Pathogenesis
CARDIAC COMPLICATIONS
RENAL AND URINARY TRACT COMPLICATIONS
ENDOCRINE GLAND DYSFUNCTION
Determine baseline serum cortisol
GASTROINTESTINAL COMPLICATIONS
Abdominal Wall Aperture
Stoma
Other Maneuvers
Clostridium difficile Colitis
Anastomotic Leak
Intestinal Fistula
Pancreatic Fistulas
HEPATOBILIARY COMPLICATIONS
NEUROLOGIC COMPLICATIONS
EAR NOSE AND THROAT COMPLICATIONS
AGING AND SURGERY
PHYSIOLOGIC DECLINE
Any of the Following
Two of the Following
PREOPERATIVE ASSESSMENT
Function
Cognition
SPECIFIC CONSIDERATIONS
THE MAGNITUDE OF THE PROBLEM
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY AND ASSOCIATED MEDICAL PROBLEMS
Cardiovascular
Gastrointestinal
Gynecologic
SocialSocietal
MEDICAL VERSUS SURGICAL THERAPY
PREOPERATIVE EVALUATION AND SELECTION
Before the Clinic Visit
Subsequent EventsEvaluations
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT
OPERATIVE PROCEDURES
Largely RestrictiveMildly Malabsorptive
POSTOPERATIVE CARE AND FOLLOWUP
RESULTS
COMPLICATIONS
REOPERATIVE SURGERY
CONTROVERSIES IN BARIATRIC SURGERY
INVESTIGATIONAL BARIATRIC PROCEDURES
THE BARIATRIC REVOLUTION AND COUNTERREVOLUTION
CONCLUSION
PHARMACOLOGIC PRINCIPLES
ANESTHESIA EQUIPMENT
PATIENT MONITORING DURING AND AFTER ANESTHESIA
Routine Monitors
Specialized Monitors
4 Successive 200msec Stimuli Over a 2Second Period
2 Successive Sets of 50Hz Bursts Three StimuliBurst Separated by 750 μsec Appears as Two Twitches
PREOPERATIVE EVALUATION
Patient History
Physical Examination
Major
Intermediate
High Risk Reported Cardiac Risk Often 5
Intermediate Risk Reported Cardiac Risk Generally 5
Patients at Risk for the Development of Bacterial Endocarditis
Procedures Associated With Increased Risk of Causing Bacterial Endocarditis
SELECTION OF ANESTHETIC TECHNIQUES AND DRUGS
Factors in Selection
Specific Types of Techniques
AIRWAY MANAGEMENT
REGIONAL ANESTHESIA
CONSCIOUS SEDATION
POSTANESTHESIA CARE
ACUTE PAIN MANAGEMENT
CONCLUSION
MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY AND ROBOTICS
CONCEPT AND FUNCTIONS OF SURGICAL ROBOTS
CLASSIFICATION OF SURGICAL ROBOTS
MORTALITY AFTER TRAUMATIC INJURY
DEVELOPMENT OF TRAUMA CARE
ACCESS AND EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES RESPONSE
TRIAGE
PREHOSPITAL CARE
TRANSPORTATION
HOSPITAL CARE
REHABILITATION
PREVENTION AND INJURY CONTROL
SURGEONS ROLE IN A TRAUMA SYSTEM
INITIAL MANAGEMENT
MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC INJURIES
Vascular
Digestive Tract
Indications
Contraindications
Advantages
Indications
Advantages
Decreased
EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ORTHOPEDIC INJURIES
TERMINOLOGY
FIXATION PRINCIPLES
PATIENT EVALUATION
INITIAL MANAGEMENT
ORTHOPEDIC EMERGENCIES
COMMON LONG BONE FRACTURES
COMPLICATIONS
POSTOPERATIVE MOBILIZATION
SUMMARY
BURN UNITS
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF BURNS
Causes
Depths
INITIAL TREATMENT OF BURNS
INHALATION INJURY
WOUND CARE
MINIMIZING COMPLICATIONS
NUTRITION
OUTCOMES
ELECTRICAL BURNS
CHEMICAL BURNS
SUMMARY
SNAKEBITES
MAMMALIAN BITES
High Risk
Low Risk
ARTHROPOD BITES AND STINGS
MARINE BITES AND STINGS
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
Ventricular FibrillationPulseless Ventricular Tachycardia
AsystolePulseless Electrical Activity
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
Gastrointestinal System
ACUTE RENAL FAILURE
HEPATIC DYSFUNCTION
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
HEMATOLOGIC SYSTEM
Packed Red Blood Cells
Platelets
SEPSIS AND MULTIPLE ORGAN FAILURE
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome SIRS
Severe Sepsis
SAFETY PRACTICES FOR BEDSIDE SURGICAL PROCEDURES
Indications
Bedside Surgery Protocol
SELECTION OF PATIENTS FOR BEDSIDE SURGICAL PROCEDURES
BESIDE LAPAROTOMY
TRACHEOSTOMY
PERCUTANEOUS ENDOSCOPIC GASTROSTOMY
BRONCHOSCOPY
GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Hospital Assets
Community Assets
DISASTER RESPONSE
MEDICAL CARE
TERRORIST WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION
SUMMARY
CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES TO IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE THERAPY
THE CELLS INVOLVED
CELLTOCELL INTERACTIONS
TRANSPLANTATION ANTIGENS
CLINICAL IMMUNOSUPPRESSION
Adrenal Corticosteroid
XENOTRANSPLANTATION
TOLERANCE
NEW AREAS OF TRANSPLANTATION
CONCLUSION
RENAL TRANSPLANTATION
LIVER TRANSPLANTATION
PANCREATIC TRANSPLANTATION
TRANSPLANTATION OF ISOLATED PANCREATIC ISLETS
INTESTINAL TRANSPLANTATION
ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS
EPIDEMIOLOGY
TUMOR BIOLOGY
CARCINOGENESIS
TUMOR MARKERS
RNABased Markers
MELANOMA
NONMELANOMA SKIN CANCER
PREDISPOSING FACTORS AND MOLECULAR GENETICS
Radiation Exposure
PATHOLOGIC EVALUATION
CLINICAL EVALUATION AND DIAGNOSIS
EVALUATION OF EXTENT OF DISEASE
STAGING
MANAGEMENT
TREATMENT OF RECURRENT DISEASE
PROGNOSTIC FACTORS AND RESULTS
LONGTERM FOLLOWUP
ONCOLOGIC RESECTION
SKELETAL RECONSTRUCTION
FUNCTION
GENETICS
BENIGN BONE TUMORS
SKELETAL SARCOMAS
SKELETAL METASTASES
FUTURE
NORMAL HISTOLOGY
EPIDEMIOLOGY
CARCINOGENESIS
STAGING
CLINICAL OVERVIEW
ANATOMIC SITES
Benign
Malignant
TRACHEOTOMY
VOCAL CORD PARALYSIS
RECONSTRUCTION
ANATOMY
MICROSCOPIC ANATOMY
BREAST DEVELOPMENT AND PHYSIOLOGY
ABNORMAL DEVELOPMENT AND PHYSIOLOGY
DIAGNOSIS OF BREAST DISEASE
BREAST IMAGING
IDENTIFICATION AND MANAGEMENT OF HIGHRISK PATIENTS
Factors Important in Populations
Histologic Risk Factors
BENIGN BREAST TUMORS AND RELATED DISEASES
PATHOLOGY OF BREAST CANCER
Noninvasive Epithelial Cancers
Mixed Connective and Epithelial Tumors
STAGING OF BREAST CANCER
SURGICAL TREATMENT OF BREAST CANCER
CHEMOTHERAPY AND HORMONE THERAPY FOR BREAST CANCER
THE ROLE OF THE GENERAL SURGEON IN BREAST RECONSTRUCTION
HISTORY
PATIENT SELECTION
Patient Factors
Disease Factors
SURGICAL PLANNING
SURGICAL OPTIONS
Indications
Contraindications
Indications
Contraindications
Indications
Contraindications
OUTCOME
MANAGEMENT OF THE CONTRALATERAL BREAST
SURVEILLANCE
CONCLUSION
HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
ANATOMY
PHYSIOLOGY OF THE THYROID GLAND
DISORDERS OF THYROID METABOLISMBENIGN THYROID DISEASE
WORKUP AND DIAGNOSIS OF A SOLITARY THYROID NODULE
THYROID MALIGNANCIES
SURGICAL APPROACHES TO THE THYROID GLAND AND ADJACENT STRUCTURES Table 364
HISTORY
CALCIUM PHYSIOLOGY
ANATOMY
DIAGNOSIS AND CLINICAL FEATURES
Parathyroid
Granulomatous Diseases
HISTORY
EMBRYOLOGY
HISTOMORPHOLOGY OF ISLETS
ENDOCRINE PHYSIOLOGY
ISLET CELL TUMORS
Stimulation of Gastrin Release
Inhibition of Gastrin Release
Unknown
MEDICAL THERAPY FOR ISLET CELL TUMORS
WHATS NEXT?
HISTORY
ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY
NORMAL HISTOPATHOLOGY
BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY
CONGENITAL ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA
ADRENAL INSUFFICIENCY
DISEASES OF THE ADRENAL CORTEX
DISEASES OF THE ADRENAL MEDULLA
THE INCIDENTALLY DISCOVERED ADRENAL MASS INCIDENTALOMA
METASTASES TO THE ADRENAL GLAND
TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF ADRENALECTOMY
MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA TYPE 1
MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA TYPE 2 SYNDROMES
HISTORY AND EDUCATION
EMBRYOLOGY
ANATOMY
PHYSIOLOGY
NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS OF THE ESOPHAGUS
DISEASES OF THE ESOPHAGUS
ACQUIRED ESOPHAGEAL CONDITIONS
BENIGN TUMORS AND CYSTS
CARCINOMA OF THE ESOPHAGUS
UNUSUAL MALIGNANT ESOPHAGEAL TUMORS
CONCLUSION
GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE
PARAESOPHAGEAL HERNIAS
SUMMARY
ABDOMINAL WALL AND UMBILICUS
PERITONEUM AND PERITONEAL CAVITY
MESENTERY AND OMENTUM
RETROPERITONEUM
Groin
Posterior
INGUINAL HERNIAS
FEMORAL HERNIAS
SPECIAL PROBLEMS
VENTRAL HERNIAS
UNUSUAL HERNIAS
DEFINITION
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
HISTORY
PHYSICAL EXAMINATION
LABORATORY STUDIES
IMAGING STUDIES
DIAGNOSTIC LAPAROSCOPY
DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS
PREPARATION FOR EMERGENCY OPERATION
ATYPICAL PATIENTS
TREATMENT ALGORITHMS FOR ACUTE ABDOMEN
SUMMARY
APPROACH TO THE PATIENT WITH ACUTE GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE
ACUTE UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE
ACUTE LOWER GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE
ACUTE GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE FROM AN OBSCURE SOURCE
SUMMARY
ANATOMY
PHYSIOLOGY
PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE
STRESS GASTRITIS
GASTRIC NEOPLASIA
OTHER GASTRIC LESIONS
EMBRYOLOGY
ANATOMY
PHYSIOLOGY
MOTILITY
ENDOCRINE FUNCTION
IMMUNE FUNCTION
OBSTRUCTION
Lesions Extrinsic to the Intestinal Wall
IntraluminalObturator Obstruction
INFLAMMATORY DISEASES
Skin
Blood
General
NEOPLASMS
DIVERTICULAR DISEASE
MISCELLANEOUS PROBLEMS
EMBRYOLOGY AND ANATOMY
APPENDICITIS
NEOPLASMS
EMBRYOLOGY OF THE COLON AND RECTUM
ANATOMY OF THE COLON RECTUM AND PELVIC FLOOR
PHYSIOLOGY OF THE COLON
BOWEL PREPARATION BEFORE SURGERY
DIVERTICULAR DISEASE
COLONIC VOLVULUS
LARGE BOWEL OBSTRUCTION AND PSEUDOOBSTRUCTION
INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE
INFECTIOUS COLITIS
COLONIC ISCHEMIA
Acute Indications
Chronic Indications
NEOPLASIA
Amsterdam Criteria
Modified Amsterdam Criteria
PELVIC FLOOR DISORDERS AND CONSTIPATION
LAPAROSCOPIC COLON RESECTION
DISORDERS OF THE ANAL CANAL
PELVIC FLOOR DISORDERS
COMMON BENIGN ANAL DISORDERS
LESS COMMON BENIGN ANAL DISORDERS
NEOPLASTIC DISORDERS
HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
INFECTIOUS DISEASES
NEOPLASMS
HEMOBILIA
VIRAL HEPATITIS AND THE SURGEON
HISTORICAL REVIEW
ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF PORTAL HYPERTENSION
EVALUATION OF THE PATIENT WITH CIRRHOSIS
VARICEAL HEMORRHAGE
ASCITES AND THE HEPATORENAL SYNDROME
ENCEPHALOPATHY
ANATOMY
PHYSIOLOGY
GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS IN BILIARY TRACT PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
BENIGN PATHOPHYSIOLOGIC CONDITIONS
Urgent
Elective
MALIGNANT BILIARY DISEASE
ANATOMY
EMBRYOLOGY AND HISTOLOGY
CONGENITAL ANOMALIES
PHYSIOLOGY
PANCREATITIS
Acute Pancreatitis
Chronic Pancreatitis
Definite Cause
Probable Cause
Conventional Approach
CHRONIC PANCREATITIS
Tubeless Tests
BENIGN EXOCRINE TUMORS
MALIGNANT PANCREATIC TUMORS
PANCREATIC AND PANCREATICODUODENAL TRAUMA
SPLENIC ANATOMY
SPLENIC FUNCTION
SPLENECTOMY FOR BENIGN HEMATOLOGIC CONDITIONS
SPLENECTOMY FOR MALIGNANCY
SPLENECTOMY FOR MISCELLANEOUS BENIGN CONDITIONS
SPLENIC TRAUMA
ELECTIVE LAPAROSCOPIC SPLENECTOMY
LATE MORBIDITY AFTER SPLENECTOMY
HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES
CHEST WALL
PLEURA
ANATOMY
PRIMARY NEOPLASMS
PRIMARY CYSTS
ANATOMY
PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTS
CARDIOPULMONARY EXERCISE TESTING
THORACIC INCISIONS
PERIOPERATIVE RISK
CONGENITAL LESIONS OF THE LUNG TRACHEA AND BRONCHI
LUNG CANCER
Regional Lymph Node Classification
General
Skeletal
Vascular thrombophlebitis
PULMONARY METASTASES
Additional Criteria for Partial or Complete Resection
MISCELLANEOUS LUNG TUMORS
Hamartoma
Inflammatory Tumors and Pseudotumors
Teratoma
TRACHEA
EMPHYSEMA
DIFFUSE LUNG DISEASE AND OPEN LUNG BIOPSY
Occupational Causes
Physical Agents
Other
ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME
HIGHPRESSURE JET VENTILATION
MASSIVE HEMOPTYSIS
PULMONARY EMBOLISM
THORACIC OUTLET SYNDROME
HISTORY
ADULTS WITH CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE
TARGET AUDIENCE
CURRENT PATHWAY FOR PRACTICING CONGENITAL HEART SURGERY
ANATOMY TERMINOLOGY AND DIAGNOSIS
PERIOPERATIVE CARE
LESION OVERVIEW
SINGLE VENTRICLE
MISCELLANEOUS ANOMALIES
SUMMARY
CORONARY ARTERY ANATOMY
NORMAL CORONARY ARTERY PHYSIOLOGY and REGULATION OF BLOOD FLOW
MECHANICS OF PUMP FUNCTION
CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
ISCHEMIA AND MYOCARDIAL CELL INJURY
CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS AND DIAGNOSIS OF CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
Detecting Coronary Artery Disease and Assessing Prognosis
Assessment of Myocardial Viability
INDICATIONS FOR Coronary artery bypass grafting
TECHNICAL ASPECTS
OUTCOME AND PROCESS ASSESSMENT FOR CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING
ALTERNATIVE METHODS FOR MYOCARDIAL REVASCULARIZATION
FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
DIAGNOSTIC CONSIDERATIONS
MITRAL VALVE
AORTIC VALVE
OPERATIVE TECHNIQUE
SURGICAL OUTCOMES
CHOICE OF PROSTHETIC VALVES
EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT
FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY
CONGENITAL ANOMALIES
AORTIC DISEASES AND ETIOLOGY
DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING
THORACIC AORTIC ANEURYSMS
THORACIC AORTIC DISSECTION
PROXIMAL THORACIC AORTA
DISTAL THORACIC AORTA
ENDOVASCULAR REPAIR
EXTENSIVE AORTIC ANEURYSM AND THE ELEPHANT TRUNK TECHNIQUE
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
EPIDEMIOLOGY OF STROKE AND CAROTID ARTERY ATHEROSCLEROSIS
ETIOLOGY OF STROKE
CAROTID BIFURCATION DISEASE PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF CAROTID ARTERY DISEASE
RISK FOR STROKE FROM CAROTID BIFURCATION DISEASE
INDICATIONS FOR WORKUP OF CAROTID OCCLUSIVE DISEASE
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS USED IN THE EVALUATION OF CAROTID ARTERY DISEASE
CAROTID ENDARTERECTOMY
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
CLASSIFICATION
PATHOGENESIS
ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSMS
ILIAC ARTERY ANEURYSMS
FEMORAL ARTERY ANEURYSMS
POPLITEAL ARTERY ANEURYSMS
UPPER EXTREMITY ANEURYSMS
SPLANCHNIC ARTERY ANEURYSMS
RENAL ARTERY ANEURYSMS
BASIC CONSIDERATIONS
ACUTE THROMBOEMBOLIC DISEASE
CHRONIC OCCLUSIVE DISEASE OF THE LOWER EXTREMITIES
CHRONIC VISCERAL ISCHEMIA
CHALLENGE OF VASCULAR TRAUMA
GENERAL APPROACH TO VASCULAR TRAUMA
OPERATIVE PRINCIPLES
NECK INJURIES
THORACIC VASCULAR INJURIES
ABDOMINAL VASCULAR INJURIES
PERIPHERAL VASCULAR TRAUMA
CONCLUSION
ANATOMY
PRIMARY VENOUS INSUFFICIENCY
DEEP VENOUS THROMBOSIS OF THE LOWER EXTREMITY
DEEP VENOUS THROMBOSIS OF THE UPPER EXTREMITY
CONCLUSION
EMBRYOLOGY AND ANATOMY
FUNCTION AND STRUCTURE
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY AND STAGING
DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS
CLASSIFICATION
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
THERAPY
CHYLOTHORAX
CHYLOPERITONEUM
TUMORS OF THE LYMPHATICS
VASCULAR ACCESS
PERITONEAL DIALYSIS
NEWBORN PHYSIOLOGY
FLUIDS ELECTROLYTES and NUTRITION
EXTRACORPOREAL LIFE SUPPORT
TRAUMA
LESIONS OF THE NECK
ALIMENTARY TRACT
ABDOMINAL WALL
GENITOURINARY
CONGENITAL DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA
CONGENITAL CHEST WALL DEFORMITIES
BRONCHOPULMONARY MALFORMATIONS
HEPATOBILIARY
CHILDHOOD SOLID TUMORS
FETAL SURGERY
INTRACRANIAL DYNAMICS
CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM TUMORS
TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY
DEGENERATIVE DISORDERS OF THE SPINE
FUNCTIONAL AND STEREOTACTIC NEUROSURGERY
HYDROCEPHALUS
PEDIATRIC NEUROSURGERY
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM INFECTIONS
GENERAL PLASTIC SURGICAL PRINCIPLES AND TECHNIQUES
CONGENITAL AND CRANIOMAXILLOFACIAL
HEAD AND NECK
TRUNK AND EXTERNAL GENITALIA
LOWER EXTREMITY
BREAST AND AESTHETIC SURGERY
CONCLUSION
BASIC ANATOMY
EXAMINATION AND DIAGNOSIS
PRINCIPLES OF TREATMENT
TRAUMA
INFECTIONS
COMPARTMENT SYNDROME HIGHPRESSURE INJECTION INJURIES AND EXTRAVASATION INJURIES
TENOSYNOVITIS
NERVE COMPRESSION SYNDROMES
SOFT TISSUE TUMORS
CONGENITAL ANOMALIES
OSTEOARTHRITIS AND RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
CONTRACTURES
CONCLUSION
PELVIC EMBRYOLOGY AND ANATOMY
REPRODUCTIVE PHYSIOLOGY
CLINICAL EVALUATION
MANAGEMENT OF PREINVASIVE AND INVASIVE DISEASE OF THE FEMALE GENITAL TRACT
ALTERNATIVES TO SURGICAL INTERVENTION
TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF SURGICAL OPTIONS
SURGERY DURING PREGNANCY
PHYSIOLOGIC CHANGES OF PREGNANCY
RADIOLOGY SAFETY CONCERNS IN PREGNANCY
ANESTHESIA SAFETY CONCERNS IN PREGNANCY
PREVENTION OF PRETERM LABOR
ABDOMINAL PAIN AND THE ACUTE ABDOMEN IN PREGNANCY
MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY IN PREGNANCY
BREAST MASSES IN PREGNANCY
HEPATOBILIARY DISEASE IN PREGNANCY
ENDOCRINE DISEASE IN PREGNANCY
SMALL BOWEL DISEASE IN PREGNANCY
COLON AND RECTAL DISEASE IN PREGNANCY
VASCULAR DISEASE IN PREGNANCY
TRAUMA IN PREGNANCY
SUMMARY
ANATOMY
UROLOGIC TRAUMA
EMERGENT UROLOGIC CONDITIONS
NEPHROLITHIASIS
NEUROGENIC BLADDER
BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA
SCROTAL MASSES
UROLOGIC MALIGNANCIES
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