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Report of the Calcutta Cyclone of the 5th Octob. 1864: By J. E. Gastrell and ...
J E Gastrell
No preview available - 2015
5th October a. m. Wind anchor Andamans anemometer Aneroid appears atmosphere Balasore Barometer Barrackpore Bay of Bengal Berhampore blew blowing blown boat Bograh breeze Calcutta Captain central calm centre Chinsurah Chittagong cloudy Colonel Short commenced Contai Cuttack Cyclone destruction Diamond Harbour District Doroo Dummun east south-east eastward embankment fall fathoms feet fore fresh gale Golden Horn gradually gusts half-past heavy rain heavy sea height Hooghly hurricane inches increasing inundation Kandy Kedgeree Kishnagur Koila Ghat light loss low barometer lull Madras Midnapore midnight miles an hour moderate morning Nattore night noon north north-east north-west northerly observations passage Pergunnah Port Blair pressure quarter river Roopnarain sail Sandheads Saugor Saugor Island ship south south-east south-west monsoon southerly current spring tides squalls station staysail Steamer storm wave storm-wave Thannah Thermometer topsail track trees Tumlook unreduced veered round vessel villages violence vortex weather west south-west westward wind veered
Page 28 - AM or 9AM. it became suddenly calm, with a heavy confused sea, the sun appearing at the turn for a few minutes. The calm interval lasted about three-quarters of an hour, the steamer's head to wind and the engines doing their best. During the calm, being apparently in the vortex of the hurricane, several land birds were falling about the decks, — some dead. At the end of the calm, a thick mist and heavy rollers seemed coming from northwest, accompanied by a moaning sound, which was immediately followed...
Page 79 - A progressive whirlwind of great extent, might have the effect of arresting the usual atmospheric current, and of heaping it up to a sufficient extent on one side of the storm, so as to affect the barometer, by increasing the atmospheric pressure ; whilst on the opposite side of the same whirlwind, the atmospheric pressure, beyond the limit of the storm, might be found to be somewhat less than ordinary.
Page 28 - ... weather and sea experienced in the calm areas of four different storms or cyclones in the India and China Seas and are given below. The first instance is that of a tug in the Calcutta cyclone of 1864. " The ' Alexandra ' steam tug was at anchor off Saugor light-house on the early morning of the 5th.
Page iii - In the following pages an attempt has been made to give some account of the principal meteorological phenomena that preceded and accompanied the great Calcutta Cyclone of the 5th October 1864.
Page xx - October 1864.) I have the honor to report for your information the arrival in Calcutta of the Pilot Vessel Kedgeree totally dismasted in a hurricane.
Page 53 - At daybreak on the 5th there was a thick driving mist, with a strong easterly wind, blowing in gusts. By 7 AM the mist had changed into a heavy rain, the wind at the same time increasing. As the day advanced, the rain continued, and the wind gradually veered round to northward and increased in violence. By 7 p.
Page xxi - The next morning, on heaving in the starboard cluiiu, we found the stoek of the anchor bent only. Our barometer gave no indication of anything extraordinary till the hurricane was on us, when it fell with unexampled rapidity...
Page 37 - Our barometer gave no indication of anything extraordinary till the hurricane was on us, when it fell with, unexampled rapidity, the sea was tremendous, and during my period of service, I have never experienced anything approaching to the force of the wind on this occasion.
Page 98 - During this period there is a sort of barometric ridge in the air over this region, which jve may call the monsoon wave. In this time it passes from the northern to the southern edge of the monsoon belt, and as it rolls along in its invisible but stately march, the air beneath its pressure flows out from under it both ways — on the polar side as the SW monsoon, on the equatorial as the NE 685.
Page 106 - ... III. This depression is generated at the time when a small general fall of the barometer occurs over the bay and gulf, such as frequently, and at all seasons of the year, interrupts its normal state,—or, in other words, during the passage of an ordinary barometric wave. IV. A general incurvature of the Southerly current around the place of low barometer precedes the formation of the centre of a cyclone. V. At the place where the centre is forming the barometer falls still more than around the...