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accept agreed Alexander American bank bring Britain British British minister British North America British territory Canada Canadian cited claims close commerce communication connection considered conversation desire discussion drawn due west England English extend fact finally Foreign France frontier fur trade future geographical Grand Portage Grenville Hamilton Hammond Historical Hudson's Bay Company important Indians interests Jay's Treaty Jefferson joint known Lake Superior land latitude limits located London Mackenzie manufactures matter miles Mississippi Montreal Narrative navigation necessary negotiations north latitude North West Company northern northwest boundary gap Observing Ocean Office Ontario Pacific parallel parties peace portion ports possession possible posts present privileges proposed question reason rectification Report respecting River secure settlement side soil soon southern subjects survey territory Thompson tion treaty of peace United upper Valley waters western Woods writer
Page 477 - It is agreed that it shall at all times be free to His Majesty's subjects, and to the citizens of the United States, and also to the Indians dwelling on either side of the said boundary line, freely to pass and repass by land or inland navigation, into the respective territories and countries of the two parties, on the continent of America...
Page 477 - No duty of entry shall ever be levied by either party on peltries brought by land or inland navigation into the said territories respectively, nor shall the Indians passing or repassing with their own proper goods and effects of whatever nature, pay for the same any impost or duty whatever. But goods in bales, or other large packages, unusual among Indians, shall not be considered as goods belonging bona fide to Indians.
Page 477 - The river Mississippi shall, however, according to the treaty of peace, be entirely open to both parties ; and it is further agreed, that all the ports and places on its eastern side, to whichsoever of the parties belonging, may freely be resorted to and used by both parties, in as ample a manner as any of the Atlantic ports or places of the United States, or any of the ports or places of His Majesty in Great Britain.
Page 484 - The modifications which England proposed in 1794 to John Jay in the northwestern boundary of the United States from the Lake of the Woods to the Mississippi, seemed, doubtless, to him significant chiefly as a matter of principle and as a question of the retention or loss of beaver grounds. The historians hardly notice the proposals. But they involved, in fact, the ownership of the richest and most extensive deposits of iron ore in America, the all-important source of a fundamental industry of the...
Page 468 - ... render entirely nugatory the eighth article of the treaty, which stipulates that the navigation of the Mississippi from its source to the ocean is to remain free and open to the subjects of the two countries respectively.
Page 483 - North, where it is no more than a small brook; consequently, if Great Britain retains the right of entering it along the line of division, it must be in a lower latitude, and wherever that may be, the line must be continued West, till it terminates in the Pacific Ocean, to the South of the Columbia.
Page 478 - ... purposes : whilst from Quebec (but how we are to get there I know not,) and upwards, — the lakes, and the waters on their side of the line, are open to our commerce, and that we have equal advantages in the Indian trade on both sides ; except within the limits of the Hudson's bay company. All this looks very well on paper ; but I much question whether in its operation it will not be found to work very much against us.
Page 478 - Astor's company, which was tied up with Canadian stock-holders, carried on from Mackinaw a considerable fur trade within British territory on the east side of Lake Huron. See HM Chittenden, History of the American Fur Trade of the Far West, I.
Page 471 - States will be dependent commercially on Canada. " The only object Great Britain can have in retaining Canada in a commercial view is, that as Canada extends all along the back of America, it will at all times secure to Great Britain a sale of her manufactures, and oblige the government of America to be moderate in their duties, otherwise the goods will be smuggled in upon them.
Page 481 - Narrative, lamenting the terms of this treaty, writes that the real reason for the British concessions embodied in the treaty was a " supreme indifference to the territorial interests of British North America which had been so painfully apparent in all the boundary disputes with the United States; for the British commissioners must have had at the time of the negotiations, and for some time before, access to a map of the western country, with remarks upon its character, prepared by Pond himself ".<e...