Innocent Women and Children: Gender, Norms and the Protection of Civilians
Examining the influence of gender constructs on the international regime protecting war-affected civilians, R. Charli Carpenter examines how in practice belligerents, advocates and humanitarian players interpret civilian immunity so as to leave adult civilian men and older boys at grave risk in conflict zones. Arguing that in order to understand the way in which laws of war are implemented and promoted in international society, we must understand how gender ideas affect the principle of civilian immunity, the author provides a wealth of ground breaking case studies. Each demonstrates the importance of assumptions about gender relations in shaping international politics, and in developing a framework for incorporating an attention to gender into the often gender-blind scholarship on international norms. As such this book will be of interest both to international relations theorists and to human rights scholars, students and activists alike.
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actors adult male advocates agencies agenda analysis argue armed conflict atrocity Balkans belligerents Bosnia-Herzegovina Bosnian boys chapter civilian immunity norm civilian males civilian population civilian protection network civilian protection regime civilian/combatant claim combatants conscription constitutive constructivists context edited effects elderly emergence Enloe ethnic cleansing evacuation example feminist fighters Finnemore former Yugoslavia frame gender beliefs gender discourse gender essentialisms gender sub-norm Gendercide Geneva Conventions genocide Global groups Human Rights Watch humanitarian intervention humanitarian law Hutu ICRC immunity principle innocent civilian International Relations international society issue killed Kinsella Kosovo laws of war legitimate male civilians massacre Mertus military Minear moral OCHA Peace principle of distinction protect civilians protection of civilians protection workers rape refugees Respondent role Rwanda Rwandan genocide Security Council Serb sex-selective Sikkink social specific Srebrenica strategic symbolic technologies targeting transnational Tutsi UNHCR UNICEF United Nations University Press UNPROFOR victims violations violence war-affected civilians women and children world politics