An Introduction to Marine Biogeochemistry
Focuses on the ocean's role in the global biogeochemical cycling of selected elements and the impact of humans on the transport of these elements. Among the topics covered are the chemical composition of seawater from the perspectives of elemental speciation and the impact of solutes on water's physical behavior; biogeochemical phenomena which control accumulation and preservation of marine sediments; marine chemistry of radioactive and stable isotopes; seawater pollution. Contains many examples as well as steady-state models to aid readers in understanding this relatively young, growing and complex science.
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The Physical Chemistry of Seawater
The Redox Chemistry of Seawater
The Chemistry of Marine Sediments
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abundant acid activity amount atmospheric atom bacteria biogenic biogeochemical cycles bioturbation calcite calcium carbonate cations caused chemical composition Chemical Oceanography Chemistry clay minerals coastal concentrations continental deep-water denitrification density deposits depth detritus diagenesis diffusion dissolution dissolved electron energy equilibrium evaporites flux fraction global humic hydrogen hydrothermal illustrated in Figure increase input isotopic isotopic composition kaolinite latitudes lithogenous marine organisms marine sediments molecules nitrogen nodules nutrient occur ocean Oceanography organic compounds organic matter oxidation number oxygen Pacific particles pelagic sedimentation percent petroleum phytoplankton plankton pmol kg pollutants precipitation processes production radionuclides relatively remineralization Reprinted by permission reprinted with permission result river salinity sea surface seafloor seawater sedimentary shown in Figure siliceous silicon sinking solubility solution Source species sulfate sulfide surface waters Table temperature terrestrial thermocline thermohaline circulation trace metals transport upwelling vertical W. S. Broecker water mass Wiley & Sons zone