Socialism and Society

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Independent Labour Party, 1905 - Socialism - 185 pages
 

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Page 62 - If, therefore, the choice were to be made between Communism with all its chances, and the present state of society with all its sufferings and injustices; if the institution of private property necessarily carried with it as a consequence, that the produce of labour should be apportioned as we now see it, almost in an inverse ratio to the labour...
Page 88 - In its rational form it is a scandal and abomination to bourgeoisdom and its doctrinaire professors, because it includes in its comprehension and affirmative recognition of the existing state of things, at the same time also, the recognition of the negation of that state, of its inevitable breaking up; because it regards every historically developed social form as in fluid movement, and therefore takes into account its transient nature not less than its momentary existence; because it lets nothing...
Page 95 - The serf, in the period of serfdom, raised himself to membership in the Commune, just as the petty bourgeois, under the yoke of feudal absolutism, managed to develop into a bourgeois.
Page 92 - Centralization of the means of production and socialisation of labour at last reach a point where they become incompatible with their capitalist integument. This integument is burst asunder. The knell of capitalist private property sounds. The expropriators are expropriated.
Page 95 - The modern labourer, on the contrary, instead of rising with the progress of industry, sinks deeper and deeper below the conditions of existence of his own class. He becomes a pauper, and pauperism develops more rapidly than population 'and wealth. And here it becomes evident, that the bourgeoisie is unfit any longer to be the ruling class in society, and to impose its conditions of existence upon society as an over-riding law. It is unfit to rule because...
Page 62 - ... the next largest to those whose work is almost nominal, and so in a descending scale, the remuneration dwindling as the work grows harder and more disagreeable, until the most fatiguing and exhausting bodily labour cannot count with certainty on being able to earn even the necessaries of life; if this, or Communism, were the alternative, all the difficulties, great or small, of Communism would be but as dust in the balance.
Page 96 - The proletariat will use its political supremacy to wrest, by degrees, all capital from the bourgeoisie, to centralize all instruments of production in the hands of the state, ie of the proletariat organized as the ruling class; and to increase the total of productive forces as rapidly as possible.
Page 78 - Liberal spirit of hope which the accession of Frederick William IV. to the Prussian throne in 1840 quickened in Prussia, and threw himself into politics and journalism.
Page 164 - But how small a part of all the labour performed in England, from the lowest paid to the highest, is done by persons working for their own benefit.

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