Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence

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National Academies Press, May 4, 2002 - Social Science - 368 pages
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As many as 20 to 25 percent of American adults‚€"or one in every four people‚€"have been victimized by, witnesses of, or perpetrators of family violence in their lifetimes. Family violence affects more people than cancer, yet it‚€™s an issue that receives far less attention. Surprisingly, many assume that health professionals are deliberately turning a blind eye to this traumatic social problem.

The fact is, very little is being done to educate health professionals about family violence. Health professionals are often the first to encounter victims of abuse and neglect, and therefore they play a critical role in ensuring that victims‚€"as well as perpetrators‚€"get the help they need. Yet, despite their critical role, studies continue to describe a lack of education for health professionals about how to identify and treat family violence. And those that have been trained often say that, despite their education, they feel ill-equipped or lack support from by their employers to deal with a family violence victim, sometimes resulting in a failure to screen for abuse during a clinical encounter.

Equally problematic, the few curricula in existence often lack systematic and rigorous evaluation. This makes it difficult to say whether or not the existing curricula even works.

Confronting Chronic Neglect offers recommendations, such as creating education and research centers, that would help raise awareness of the problem on all levels. In addition, it recommends ways to involve health care professionals in taking some responsibility for responding to this difficult and devastating issue.

Perhaps even more importantly, Confronting Chronic Neglect encourages society as a whole to share responsibility. Health professionals alone cannot solve this complex problem. Responding to victims of family violence and ultimately preventing its occurrence is a societal responsibility

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About the author (2002)

Cohn is a program officer with the Board on Children, Youth, and Families of the Institue of Medicine and National Research Council. She teaches health professional students. She has a MA and PhD in religious ethics.

Salmon is dean and chief executive officer of the Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing and Emory University. She has a B.S. and a B.S.N. from the University of Porland and an Sc.D. from John Hopkins University.

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