The Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains, Oregon and California: To which is Added a Description of the Physical Geography of California, with Recent Notices of the Gold Region from the Latest and Most Authentic Sources
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abundant afternoon American fork animals appearance Arapahoes artemisia ascended barometer basin beautiful boat bottom buffalo California camp Carson clear Columbia continued cottonwood course covered creek crossed dark deep descended distance eight elevation emigrants encamped fire foot fork frequently gold grass green Green river ground groves Gulf of California halted hills horses hundred feet Indians journey Kansas river lake Laramie Laramie river latitude left bank longitude lower miles morning moun mouth mules night noon observations obtained party pass peaks pines plain plants Platte river pleasant prairie Preuss rain range ravine reached region ridge right bank road rock Rocky mountains route salt sand sandstone sandy shore side Sierra Sierra Nevada snow soil South Pass springs stream summit sunrise sunset Sweet Water swift current tains thermometer timber to-day trail traveled trees valley village willow wind yards
Page 103 - ... on the mind as the great features of the place. Here, on the summit, where the stillness was absolute, unbroken by any sound, and the...
Page 404 - Its grazing capabilities are great; and even in the indigenous grass now there, an element of individual and national wealth may be found. In fact, the valuable grasses begin within one hundred and fifty miles of the Missouri frontier, and extend to the Pacific ocean. East of the Rocky mountains, it is the short curly grass, on which the buffalo delight to feed, (whence its •name of buffalo,} and which is still good when dry and apparently dead.
Page 343 - We lay shut up in the narrow ravine, and gave the animals a necessary day ; and men were sent back after the others. Derosier volunteered to bring up Proveau, to whom he knew I was greatly attached, as he had been my favorite horse on both expeditions. Carson and I climbed one of the nearest mountains ; the forest land still extended ahead, and the valley appeared as far as ever. The pack-horse was found near the camp ; but Derosier did not get in. MARCH.
Page 102 - I had worn a pair of thick moccasins, with soles of parfleche ; but here I put on a light thin pair, which I had brought for the purpose, as now the use of our toes became necessary to a further advance. I availed myself of a sort of comb of the mountain, which stood...
Page 103 - Our cautious method of advancing at the outset had spared my strength ; and, with the r exception of a slight disposition to headache, I felt no remains of yesterday's illness. In a few minutes we reached a point where the buttress was overhanging, and there was no other way of surmounting the difficulty than by passing around one side of it, which was the face of a vertical precipice of several hundred feet.
Page 107 - ... in our country, I engraved on this rock of the Far West a symbol of the Christian faith. Among the thickly inscribed names, I made on the hard granite the impression of a large cross, which I covered with a black preparation of India rubber, well calculated to resist the influence of wind and rain.
Page 88 - Water, a sandy plain, one hundred and twenty miles long, conducts, by a gradual and regular ascent, to the .summit, about seven thousand feet above the sea; and the traveler, without being reminded of any change by toilsome ascents, suddenly finds himself on the waters which flow to the Pacific ocean. By the route we had traveled, the distance from Fort Laramie is three hundred and twenty miles, or nine hundred and fifty from the mouth of the Kansas.
Page 433 - Francisco, and that machinery, and all the apparatus and workmen, be sent by sea. These workmen must be bound by high wages, and even bonds, to secure their faithful services; else the whole plan may be frustrated by their going to the mines as soon as they arrive in California. If this course be not adopted, gold to the amount of many millions of dollars will pass yearly to other countries, to enrich their merchants and capitalists.
Page 341 - Mr. Preuss and Mr. Talbot, Carson, Derosier, Towns, Proue, and Jacob. We took with us some of the best animals, and my intention was to proceed as rapidly as possible to the house of Mr. Sutter, and return to meet the party with a supply of provisions and fresh animals.