Handbook of Death and Dying

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SAGE, 2003 - Family & Relationships - 1088 pages
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Dying is a social as well as physiological phenomenon. Each society characterizes and, consequently, treats death and dying in its own individual ways—ways that differ markedly. These particular patterns of death and dying engender modal cultural responses, and such institutionalized behavior has familiar, economical, educational, religious, and political implications.

The Handbook of Death and Dying takes stock of the vast literature in the field of thanatology, arranging and synthesizing what has been an unwieldy body of knowledge into a concise, yet comprehensive reference work. This two-volume handbook will provide direction and momentum to the study of death-related behavior for many years to come.

Key Features

  • More than 100 contributors representing authoritative expertise in a diverse array of disciplines
    • Anthropology
    • Family Studies
    • History
    • Law
    • Medicine
    • Mortuary Science
    • Philosophy
    • Psychology
    • Social work
    • Sociology
    • Theology
  • A distinguished editorial board of leading scholars and researchers in the field
  • More than 100 definitive essays covering almost every dimension of death-related behavior
  • Comprehensive and inclusive, exploring concepts and social patterns within the larger topical concern
  • Journal article length essays that address topics with appropriate detail
  • Multidisciplinary and cross-cultural coverage

 

 

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Handbook of death & dying

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This work aims to be a "concise but comprehensive compendium of the current state of knowledge in thanatology" as it draws together a variety of scholars and professionals-historians, physicians ... Read full review

Contents

CONFRONTING DEATH
3
Chapter 2 Historical Changes in the Meaning of Death in the Western Tradition
14
Western Philosophical Strategies
24
Hiding and Camouflaging Death
34
Chapter 5 Death Dying and the Dead in Popular Culture
43
Description History and Analysis
50
KEEPING THE DEAD ALIVE
57
The Technology of Death
65
THE ORGANIZATIONAL RESPONSE TO DEATH
544
Chapter 54 DeathRelated Work Systems Outside the Funeral Home
556
FUNERAL1ZATION IN THE UNITED STATES
567
Chapter 56 The Evolution of the Funeral Home and the Occupation of Funeral Director
575
Chapter 57 The American Funeral
587
Chapter 58 Black Funeralization and Culturally Grounded Services
598
Chapter 59 On the Economics of Death in the United States
604
FUNERALIZATION IN CROSSCULTURAL PERSPECTIVE
611

The Dead as Visitors in CrossCultural Perspective
77
The Dead Among Us
87
CrossCultural Perspectives
96
RELIGIOUS AFTERDEATH BELIEFS
110
Chapter 13 Religion and the Mediation of Death Fear
117
Chapter 14 Christian Beliefs Concerning Death and Life After Death
126
Chapter 15 NearDeath Experiences as Secular Eschatology
137
DEATH AND SOCIAL EXCHANGE
148
Ceremonial Interment as Sacred Compact
159
The Relevance of an Underutilized Concept
173
VARIANTS IN MORALITY AND MEANING
183
THE IMPORT OF CONTEXT AND CIRCUMSTANCE
185
Variations and Their Consequences for the Experience of Dying
198
Accidental Deaths
211
Individual Reactions and Social Responses to Massive Loss of Life
223
Chapter 23 On the Role and Meaning of Death in Terrorism
236
Chapter 24 Death Attributed to Medical Error
246
Chapter 25 Homicidal Death
256
PREPERSONALITY DEATHS
264
Chapter 27 Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
275
THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF DEATH
284
Chapter 29 Death Education
292
THE CONTINUATION OF IDENTITY
302
Part III DEATH AND SOCIAL CONTROVERSY
307
SUICIDE
309
Chapter 32 Suicide and Suicide Trends in the United States 19001999
319
The Aftermath of Suicide and Suicidal Behavior
339
Chapter 34 CrossCultural Perspectives on Suicide
351
CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
357
Chapter 36 Capital Punishment in the United States
368
Chapter 37 Military Executions
378
ABORTION
386
THE HIVAIDS EPIDEMIC
397
EUTHANASIA
405
Chapter 41 PhysicianAssisted Death
424
DYING AS SOCIAL PROCESS
435
THE APPROACH OE DEATH
437
An Update on the Relationship Between Terminal Patients and Medicine
448
DYING
457
Neglected Dimensions of Identity Work
468
THE INSTITUTIONAL CONTEXT OF DEATH
475
Chapter 47 The History of the Hospice Approach
485
The Case of Death in Prison
495
Chapter 49 Formal and Informal Caregiving at the End of Life
502
Cover
510
Contents
510
THE RESPONSE TO DEATH
511
BEFORE THE FUNERAL
513
Chapter 51 The Autopsy
523
Chapter 52 A Social History of Embalming
534
Rituals in Kitlike Form
619
Chapter 62 The Native American Way of Death
631
Chapter 63 The Hindu Way of Death
640
Chapter 64 The Muslim Way of Death
649
Chapter 65 The Japanese Way of Death
656
Chapter 66 The Taoist Chinese Way of Death
673
Chapter 67 The Jewish Way of Death
687
POSTFUNERALIZATION ACTIVITIES
694
Some Notes on a Typology of Cemetery Visitation in Western Cultures
703
Chapter 70 Impromptu Memorials to the Dead
712
Comfort Community and Culture
721
Gravemarkers Cemeteries and Memorials as Material Form and Context
730
Part VI BODY DISPOSITION
741
ELYSIUM AS REAL ESTATE
743
Chapter 74 Pet Burial in the United States
757
OPTIONS AND ALTERNATIVES
767
Chapter 76 Body Recycling
775
The Cryonics Movement and Frozen Immortality
786
Minor Modes
792
OTHER TIMES OTHER PLACES
801
Prehistoric and Modern NonWestern Societies
810
Chapter 81 Mummification and Mummies in Ancient Egypt
819
Part VII THANATOLOGICAL AFTERMATH
827
GRIEF AND BEREAVEMENT
829
Chapter 83 Social Dimension s of Grief
838
Chapter 84 The Experience of Grief and Bereavement
847
Chapter 85 Bereavement in CrossCultural Perspective
855
THE SOCIAL IMPACT OF SURVIVORHOOD
862
Chapter 87 Children and the Death of a Parent
871
Chapter 88 Parents and the Death of a Child
880
Part VIII THE LEGALITIES OF DEATH
889
DEATH IN LEGAL CONTEXT
891
Civil Registration Medical Certification and Social Issues
899
Chapter 91 Coroner and Medical Examiner
909
DEATH SUCCESSION AND TESTAMENTORY INHERITANCE
917
A Neglected Document in Sociological Research
926
THE LEGAL REGULATION OF DEATHRELATED ACTIVITIES
934
Chapter 95 Cemetery Regulation in the United States
941
DEATH AND LEGAL BLAME
950
Chapter 97 Negligent Death and Manslaughter
968
THE DEAD AS LEGAL ENTITY
974
Part IX THE CREATIVE IMAGINATION AND THE RESPONSE TO DEATH
987
ART
989
LITERATURE
998
Chapter 101 Arise Ye More Than Dead Culture Music and Death
1008
ORGANIC SCULPTURE
1019
Part X THE FUTURE OF DEATH
1027
Prospects and Prognosis
1029
Index
1041
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About the author (2003)

Clifton D. Bryant is Professor of Sociology at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) in Blacksburg, Virginia. He has been a faculty member there since 1972 and served as Department Chair from 1972 to 1982. Prior to coming to Virginia Tech, he held full-time faculty teaching appointments at Western Kentucky University (Department Head 1967–1972), Millsaps College (Department Head 1963–1967), and the University of Georgia (1960–1963). He was Visiting Professor at Mississippi State University (Summer 1985) and at the Pennsylvania State University (Summer 1958). His research appointments include Visiting Scientist at the U.S. Army Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (Summer 1993), Visiting Research Scholar with the Mississippi Alcohol Safety Education Program Mississippi State University; Summer 1985), and Visiting Research Scholar with Training and Technology Project operated by the Resource Development Office of Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc. (Summer 1987). His foreign teaching appointments include Visiting Fulbright Professor, Department and Graduate Institute of Sociology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China (1987–1988), and Visiting Professor in the Department of Sociology/Anthropology, Xavier University, The Ateneo, Cagayan de Oro City, Mindanao, Philippines (1984–1985). He was a participant in the U.S. Department of Education’s 1998 Fulbright-Hays Seminars Abroad Program in the People’s Republic of China (Summer 1998) and was also a participant in the U.S. Department of Education’s 1993 Fulbright- Hays Seminars Abroad Program in Hungary (Summer, 1993). Dr. Bryant served as President of the Southern Sociological Society (1978–1979) and as President of the Mid-South Sociological Association (1981–1982). He was the recipient of the Mid-South Sociological Association’s Distinguished Career Award in 1991 and the Distinguished Book Award in 2001. He is also the recipient of the Southern Sociological Society’s 2003 Distinguished Contributions to Teaching Award. He has been listed in Who’s Who in America since 1984 and in Who’s Who in the World since 1991. He is a member of Omicron Delta Kappa, Phi Kappa Phi, Phi Beta Delta, Alpha Kappa Delta, Pi Kappa Alpha, and Alpha Phi Omega. Dr. Bryant was founder and Chairman of the Editorial Board of Sociological Symposium (1968–1980). He was also the founder of Deviant Behavior and served as Editor-in-Chief of that journal from 1978 to 1991. He continues to serve as Chair of the Editorial Policy Board for the journal. He was editor of the Southern Sociologist (1970–1974). He has served as a member of the editorial board of Criminology (1978–1981), Associate Editor of Sociological Forum (1979–1980), Associate Editor of Sociological Spectrum (1981– 1985), member of the Board of Advisory Editors of Sociological Inquiry (1981–1985) and also Associate Editor of that journal (1997–2000). He was a member of the Board of Editors of Society and Animals (1997–1999) and was Associate Editor for a special issue of Marriage and Family Relations (Fall 1982). He is the author of Sexual Deviancy and Social Proscription; Khaki-Collar Crime: Deviant Behavior in Military Context; and Deviant Behavior: Occupational and Organizational Bases; editor of The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Deviant Behavior (four volumes); Deviant Behavior: Readings in the Sociology of Norm Violations; The Rural Work Force: Nonagricultural Occupations in America; Sexual Deviance in Sexual Context; The Social Dimensions of Work; and coeditor of Social Problems Today: Dilemmas and Dimensions; Deviance and the Family; and Introductory Sociology: Selected Readings for the College Scene. He has published articles in a number of professional journals, including Social Forces, Society, Sociological Inquiry, Sociology and Social Research, Rural Sociology, Sociological Forum, American Journal of Public Health, the Journal of Sex Research, Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, Journal of Leisure Sciences, Sociological Spectrum, The Rural Sociologist, Psychological Reports, Free Inquiry in Creative Sociology, World Leisure and Recreation, Hort Technology, Anthrozoos, Applied Behavioral Science Review, Man and Environmental Systems, The Southern Sociologist, and Deviant Behavior. He received his B.A. and M.A. degrees from the University of Mississippi, did advanced graduate work at the University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill), and received his Ph.D. degree from Louisiana State University.