John Locke and Personal Identity: Immortality and Bodily Resurrection in 17th-Century Philosophy
One of the most influential debates in John Locke's work is the problem of personal identity over time. This problem is that of how a person at one time is the same person later in time, and so can be held responsible for past actions. The time of most concern for Locke is that of the general resurrection promised in the New Testament. Given the turbulence of the Reformation and the formation of new approaches to the Bible, many philosophers and scientists paid careful attention to emerging orthodoxies or heterodoxies about death. Here K. Joanna S. Forstrom examines the interrelated positions of Rene Descartes, Thomas Hobbes, Henry More and Robert Boyle in their individual contexts and in Locke's treatment of them. She argues that, in this way, we can better understand Locke and his position on personal identity and immortality. Once his unique take is understood and grounded in his own theological convictions (or lack thereof), we can better evaluate Locke and defend him against classic objections to his thought.
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action afterlife analysis of personal animals appropriate argues argument Aristotelians Averroists believes bodily resurrection Boyle’s Cambridge Platonists Cambridge University Press Cartesian Catholic chapter Christian claims Clarendon Press conceive consciousness consider continued controversy corporeal corpuscularian correspondence council criticism Cudworth death deﬁne deﬁnition Descartes developed discussion of personal distinct doctrine Edwin Curley example existence explicitly Fifth Lateran Council ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst edition focus God’s Henry human body Ibid immaterial substance incorporeal substance individual innate ideas intellect issues john Locke Lateran Leviathan Locke’s theory material materialists Mechanical Philosophy mechanistic Meditations memory metaphysics Molyneux morality More’s motion nature Neoplatonic Noel Malcolm oak tree Oxford passage perception personal identity personal immortality philosophy Pierre Gassendi position principium individuationis problem punishment Ralph Cudworth rational soul reason Reid’s rejects relation Religion response Robert Boyle scholastic scientiﬁc scripture signiﬁcant soul’s speciﬁc spirit stanza theologians theological Thomas Hobbes thought transitivity of identity understanding