Indicator species of forested plant associations on national forests of northwestern Washington
USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region, 1992 - Nature - 112 pages
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4000 feet elevation Alaska Alaska south Arnica latifolia basal leaves berry British Columbia bumblebee bumblebee pollinated Cascades and Olympics Chimaphila menziesii Coast Ranges conifer forests deciduous deep snowpack Description disperse the seeds drier ecozones driest dry sites east elliptic Ericaceae Ericaceae Heath Family Erythronium montanum evergreen feet in height fleshy flowering stalk flowering stem Flowers June FOAMFLOWER Tiarella fronds Fruits mature July Habitat and Distribution hairy HUCKLEBERRY Vaccinium inches tall inconspicuous indicator species July through September June through August leaf axils leaflets leathery Lily Family lobes Low-growing perennial herb Lupinus latifolius mammals which disperse mesic mid-elevations midvein moist sites montane Occurs throughout Olympic Mountains Olympics and Coast ovate Oxalis Oxalis oregana petals pink pinnately PRINCE'S PINE Chimaphila rhizomes Rosa gymnocarpa Rosy Twisted-stalk Rubus pedatus shiny Showy slender Small capsule south to California stalks from leaf Subalpine Fir subshrub throughout the area Tiarella unifoliata TWISTED-STALK Streptopus urn-shaped wetter ecozones Widespread