Authority and Meaning in Indian Religions: Hinduism and the Case of Valmiki
Can a text be used either to validate or to invalidate contemporary understandings? Texts may be deemed 'sacred', but sacred to whom? Do conflicting understandings matter? Is it appropriate to try to offer a resolution? For Hindus and non-Hindus, in India and beyond, Valmiki is the poet-saint who composed the epic RÃ mÃ yaÃμa. Yet for a vocal community of dalits (once called 'untouchables'), within and outside India, Valmiki is God. How then does one explain the popular story that he started out as an ignorant and violent bandit, attacking and killing travellers for material gain? And what happens when these two accounts, Valmiki as God and Valmiki as villain, are held simultaneously by two different religious groups, both contemporary, and both vocal? This situation came to a head with controversial demonstrations by the Valmiki community in Britain in 2000, giving rise to some searching questions which Julia Leslie now seeks to address. Exploring the relationship between sacred text and religious meaning, Leslie presents a critical, text-historical study of the figure of Valmiki drawing on the sacred texts traditionally attributed to him: the VÃ lmÃ£ki RÃ mÃ yaÃμa and the YogavÃ siÃ1Ã±ha RÃ mÃ yaÃμa, both in Sanskrit. While identifying and examining the various strands of popular stories concerning Valmiki, Leslie disentangles the earliest evidence for him from the narrative threads of passing centuries, and considers the implications of that process. This ground-breaking analysis, illustrated with paintings of Valmiki, makes a unique contribution both to our understanding of the interlocking beliefs of many religious communities and to a greater awareness of the problematic relationship between sacred text and contemporary religious meaning. Invaluable to students of both the study of religions and South Asian studies, this book will also be of interest to Indian communities in the diaspora seeking to understand their roots, including (but not exclusively) the Valmikis.
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We believed only in God Valmeki, we the followers of Bhagwan Valmeki. PLEASE DON'T HURT OUR RELIGIOUS FEELING BY SAYING OUR GOD WAS A DECOT.
Legal Report Shri Suresh Oberoi and Anr. Vs. Dev Singh Assur and Anr.
Feb-01-1991 LegalCrystal Citation : legalcrystal.com/624654
Court : Punjab and Haryana Reported in : (1991)99PLR529 Judge : S.S. Grewal, J. Subject : Criminal Decided On : Feb-01-1991 Acts : Indian Penal Code (IPC), 1860 - Sections 34, 294, 295A and 500; Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) , 1974 - Sections 482 Case Number : Criminal Misc. Nos. 10311-M and 10312 of 1990 (O and M) Appellant : Shri Suresh Oberoi and Anr. Respondent : Dev Singh Assur and Anr. Advocate for Appellant : M.R. Midha and; H.R. Bansal, Advs. Advocate for Respondent : R.K. Battas, Adv. Disposition : Petition dismissed Cases Referred : State of Bihar v. Murad Ali Khan Excerpt: deliberately and maliciously with intent to outrage religious feelings of Valmikis of the country, caused insult to the religious feelings of the said community, it was next pleaded that Valmiki community of the country worship Sant Valmiki like a Bhagwan, and the accused by filming Sant Valmiki and giving interview to Film City Magazine and publishing objectionable obscene photographs in Film Reporter Issue No. 4. The main grievance of the learned counsel for the petitioners is that the allegations made in the complaint regarding the defamatory statement attributed to Suresh Oberoi accused, in his interview referring Sant Valmiki being a dacoit in his early age and thereafter his becoming a Sant after realisation of criminal acts committed by him, would amount to glorification and, at any rate, would not amount to deliberate and malicious acts intended to outrage the religious feelings of Valmikis of the country, as alleged in the complaint 5. It is well settled that in order to make out a case of criminal intention, the totality of the circumstances in a particular case, have to be taken into consideration. Judgment:ORDER S.S. Grewal, J.
1. This petition under Section 482 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, relates to quashment of complaint dated 12-6-1989, under Sections 294, 295A/500 read with Section 34 I.P.C. (Annexure P-1) and summoning order dated 19-12-1989, passed by the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Sangrur (Annexure P-2).
2. In brief, facts relevant for the disposal of this petition as emerge from the complaint, are that Shri Arvind Bhatt, accused No. 2 is the Director of Film Sant Valmiki, whereas Suresh Oberoi, accused No. 1, has performed the main role of Sant Valmiki in the said film. Suresh Oberoi accused gave an interview to Film City Magazine wherein he stated, that Valmiki is known in the world for writing Ramayana, but, before Ramayana was written by him he was a Daku He committed, robberies with the passers by and when he came to know about the crimes he had committed, he changed himself completely. It was further pleaded that Suresh Oberoi by using defamatory language towards Sant Valmiki. deliberately and maliciously with intent to outrage religious feelings of Valmikis of the country, caused insult to the religious feelings of the said community, it was next pleaded that Valmiki community of the country worship Sant Valmiki like a Bhagwan, and the accused by filming Sant Valmiki and giving interview to Film City Magazine and publishing objectionable obscene photographs in Film Reporter Issue No. 7 of May, 1989 in which Sant Valmiki (Suresh Oberoi) is touching a lady, from which it may be judged that said photograph lowered the estimation of Sant Balmiki in the eyes of Valmiki community and other people of the country, including complainants and accused have committed criminal offence punishable under Sections 294, 295A/500 read with Section 34 I P C 2. The learned counsel for the parties were heard.
3. Dealing with the scope of inherent jurisdiction of this Court, under Section 482 of the Code of Criminal Procedure. 1973, it was held by the apex Court, in State of Bihar v. Murad Ali Khan, A.I.R. 1980 S.C. 1
Please ignore this book. If you ever want to know the true case of Valmiki, please read some other book and not this book. The book lacks source of claims in various places and some of them are incorrectly interpreted. I think this book is written with a specific aim of converting Dalits to Christianity.
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