Philosophy of Chemistry: Synthesis of a New Discipline

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Davis Baird, Eric Scerri, Lee McIntyre
Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 26, 2006 - Science - 362 pages
The Invisibility of Chemistry DAVIS BAIRD South Carolina Honors College, University of South Carolina ERIC SCERRI Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles LEE MCINTYRE Center for Philosophy and History of Science, Boston University BUTWHATAREALLTHOSECHEMISTSDOING? Recently, one of us (Davis Baird) attended a meeting of historians of science and technology spanning all of the natural sciences and engineering and all (western) periods, ancient through contemporary. In the discussion of a paper on state-of-t- art history of modern (18th century forward) chemistry, a member of the audience made the claim that there was very little left to do in contemporary chemistry and that chemistry departments in his country were having trouble attracting graduate students. Baird found this perspective on contemporary chemistry both remarkable andimplausible,andsaidasmuch. AttheUniversityofSouthCarolina(USC)—where he teaches—chemistry enrolls, and graduates, ?ve times as many graduate students as physics. In this, USC is not unique. The discipline of chemistry is, in fact, enormous and enormously productive. Joachim Schummer in this volume (Chapter 2) makes the point persuasively and concisely with data on the number of publications in various ?elds. With a grand total just shy of 900,000 papers indexed in chemical abstracts for the year 2000, chemistry is larger than all of the other natural sciences combined.
 

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Contents

The Invisibility of Chemistry
3
CHEMISTRY AND ONTOLOGY
6
Aristotles Theory of Chemical Reaction
41
Kants Legacy for the Philosophy of Chemistry
69
Reemergence
95
Normative and Descriptive Philosophy of Science
118
ChemistryThe Case of Molecular Modeling
129
Professional Ethics in Science
157
Some Philosophical Implications of Chemical Symmetry 207
206
Presuppositions
221
A New Paradigm for Schrodinger and Kohn
245
The Epistemological and Social Issues
273
Space in Molecular Representation Or How Pictures
292
Visualizing Instrumental Techniques of Surface Chemistry
309
Are Chemical Kinds Natural Kinds?
327
Water is Not H2O
337

Is There Downward Causation in Chemistry? 173
171
Ontological
191
From Metaphysics to Metachemistry 347
346
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About the author (2006)

Davis Baird, Professor and Chair of Philosophy at the UniverDavis Baird, Professor and Chair of Philosophy at the UniverDavis Baird, Professor and Chair of Philosophy at the UniverDavis Baird, Professor and Chair of Philosophy at the University of South Carolina, is author of "Inductive Logic: Infersity of South Carolina, is author of "Inductive Logic: Infersity of South Carolina, is author of "Inductive Logic: Infersity of South Carolina, is author of "Inductive Logic: Inferring the Unknown "(1999) and coeditor of "Heinrich Hertz: Clring the Unknown "(1999) and coeditor of "Heinrich Hertz: Clring the Unknown "(1999) and coeditor of "Heinrich Hertz: Clring the Unknown "(1999) and coeditor of "Heinrich Hertz: Classical Physicist, Modern Philosopher "(1997). assical Physicist, Modern Philosopher "(1997). assical Physicist, Modern Philosopher "(1997). assical Physicist, Modern Philosopher "(1997).

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