Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems:: Science, Technology, and Public Policy

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National Academies Press, 1992 - Technology & Engineering - 552 pages
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Introduction -- National Strategy -- Congress -- Long-Term, Large-Scale Coordinated Restoration--Planning, Evaluating, and Monitoring -- Lakes -- Rivers and Streams -- Wetlands -- Education and Training -- Conclusion -- References -- 1. Overview. Study Background. What Is Restoration? Status of Aquatic Resources in the United States. Need for National Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration. References and Recommended Reading -- 2. A Selective History of Changing Goals and Authority for Aquatic Ecosystem Management. Water Quality Management. Nonstructural Approaches to Floodplain Management. Federally Owned Lands and Public Incentives for Private Decisions. Change at Century's End. Emerging Role of the States. References -- 3. Planning and Evaluating Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration. Introduction. Restoration Project Planning. Purpose of Evaluation. Selecting Assessment Criteria and Synthesizing Data. Conclusions and Recommendations. References and Recommended Reading -- 4. Lakes. Overview. Introduction--Importance of Lakes. Stresses on Lakes. Lake Restoration and Management. Federal and State Programs for Lake Restoration and Management. Lake Restoration Technology. Integrated Aquatic Systems. Needs in Lake Restoration. Conclusions and Recommendations. References and Recommended Reading -- 5. Rivers and Streams. Overview. Introduction--Importance of Rivers and Streams. Concepts Related to Management and Restoration of Rivers and Streams. The Riverine-Riparian Ecosystem. Stresses on Rivers and Streams. Fluvial Restoration. Conclusions and Recommendations. References and Recommended Reading -- 6. Wetlands. Overview. Loss of Wetlands. Restoration Opportunities. Programs for Wetland Restoration. Status of Wetland Restoration Research and Technology. Constraints on Achieving Restoration Goals. Controversies About the Success of Restoration Projects. Needs. Conclusions and Recommendations. References and Recommended Reading -- 7. Integrated Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration. Introduction. Institutional Barriers to Integrated Aquatic Restoration. Importance of Integrated Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration to Wildlife. Appropriate Scale for Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration. Use of Historical Records in Reconstructing Watersheds. Conclusion. References and Recommended Reading -- 8. A National Restoration Strategy: Basic Elements and Related Recommendations. Introduction. National Restoration Goals. Principles for Priority Setting and Decision Making. Policy and Program Redesign for Federal Agencies. Innovation in Financing and in Use of Land and Water Markets. Summary. References -- Appendix A: Restoration Case Studies. Lakes. Lake Michigan. Can Lake Apopka Be Restored? Rivers. The Atchafalaya Basin. The Upper Mississippi River. The Illinois River-Floodplain Ecosystem. Restoring Attributes of the Willamette River. Citizen Restoration Efforts in the Mattole River Watershed. The Merrimack River. The Blanco River. Kissimmee Riverine-Floodplain System. Wetlands. Bottomland Hardwood Wetland Restoration in the Mississippi Drainage. Prairie Potholes. The Hackensack River Meadowlands -- Appendix B: Glossary -- Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Professional Staff.

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