In Defense Of The Earth's Centrality and Immobility: Scholastic Reaction To Copernicanism In The Seventeenth Century
American Philosophical Society, 2007 - 69 pages
Contents: Introduction; (I) The Diversity of the Aristotelian Reaction; (II) The Basic Defense of Aristotelian Cosmology; (III) The Earth¿s Centrality: (A) The Three Centers; (B) The Terraqueous Sphere; (IV) The Earth¿s Immobility: (A) Physical Arguments Based on the Common Motion: (1) The Common Motion; (2) Ships & the Common Motion; (3) Cannon Balls to East & West; (4) The Fall of Heavy & Light Bodies; (5) Miscellaneous Physical Arguments; (B) Metaphysical Arguments: Simplicity, Order & Nobility; & Conclusion.
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Albert of Saxony Alexandre Koyre Almagestum novum Amicus annual motion appear Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle's astronomical Aversa ball Book in Medieval Buridan caelo cannon cannonball cause celestial center of gravity center of magnitude centrality and immobility centrum Cesalpino Chief World Systems Christopher Clavius circular motion cited Clavius coelo Commentary common motion Copernican system Copernicus's Cornaeus cosmology Curriculum philosophiae peripateticae daily rotation Dialogue Concerning discussion Drake trans earth and water earth's center earth's centrality earth's daily earth's immobility earth's motions earth's rotation eastward motion fourteenth century Galileo geocentric Geoheliocentric gravity and magnitude heaven heavy bodies heliocentric ibid impetus Koyre Latin lohannis de Sacro Mastrius and Bellutus Medieval Science mundo Nicholas Copernicus Nicole Oresme pars posterior physical Pierre d'Ailly question Riccioli rotating earth Sacro Bosco Commentarius scholastic authors seventeenth century Source Book Sphaeram loannis spherical stone target terra terraqueous sphere terrestrial traditional translation treatise Tycho Tycho Brahe universe velocity
Page 58 - Hath rejoiced as a giant to run the way. His going out is from the end of heaven, And his circuit even to the end thereof: and there is no one that can hide himself from his heat.
Page 52 - And, in so ascending, when the impetus would be spent, it would conversely descend. And in such a descent it would again acquire unto itself a certain small impetus by which it would be moved again beyond the center. When this impetus was spent, it would descend again. And so it would be moved, oscillating (titubando) about the center until there no longer would be any such impetus in it, and then it would come to rest.
Page 59 - to attribute motion to the sun and rest to the earth was therefore necessary lest the common people should become confused, obstinate, and contumacious in yielding assent to the principal articles that are absolutely matters of...
Page 4 - London, Printed by RD and are to be sold by John Williams at the sign of the Crown in S. Paul's Churchyard, 1656, sig. a4v-a5r. The work was originally published in Latin at Lyons in 1646. According to Phillip Drennon Thomas ("White, Thomas...
Page 31 - We must in fact avow that the motion of falling and rising bodies in the framework of the universe is twofold, being in every case a compound of straight and circular.