Apocalypse Against Empire: Theologies of Resistance in Early Judaism

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Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, Jan 9, 2014 - History - 488 pages
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The year 167 B.C.E. marked the beginning of a period of intense persecution for the people of Judea, as Seleucid emperor Antiochus IV Epiphanes attempted -- forcibly and brutally -- to eradicate traditional Jewish religious practices. In Apocalypse against Empire Anathea Portier-Young reconstructs the historical events and key players in this traumatic episode in Jewish history and provides a sophisticated treatment of resistance in early Judaism.

Building on a solid contextual foundation, Portier-Young argues that the first Jewish apocalypses emerged as a literature of resistance to Hellenistic imperial rule. In particular, Portier-Young contends, the book of Daniel, the Apocalypse of Weeks, and the Book of Dreams were written to supply an oppressed people with a potent antidote to the destructive propaganda of the empire -- renewing their faith in the God of the covenant and answering state terror with radical visions of hope.
 

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Contents

Setting the Stage for Resistance
49
188173 bce
78
The Sixth Syrian War
115
Seleucid State Terror
140
Introduction to Part Three
217
Daniel
223
Enochic Authority
280
Witness and Transformation
313
See and Cry Out
346
Conclusion
382
Epilogue
390
Bibliography
401
Index ofModern Authors
439
Index ofAncient Sources
450
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About the author (2014)

Anathea E. Portier-Young is associate professor of Old Testament at Duke Divinity School, Durham, North Carolina.

John J. Collins is Holmes Professor of Old Testament Criticism and Interpretation at Yale Divinity School. His many other books include The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature, Early Judaism: A Comprehensive Overview, and The Oxford Handbook of Apocalyptic Literature.

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