Apocalypse Against Empire: Theologies of Resistance in Early Judaism
A fresh and daring take on ancient apocalyptic books. The year 167 b.c.e. marked the beginning of a period of intense persecution for the people of Judea, as Seleucid emperor Antiochus IV Epiphanes attempted -- forcibly and brutally -- to eradicate traditional Jewish religious practices. In Apocalypse against Empire Anathea Portier-Young reconstructs the historical events and key players in this traumatic episode in Jewish history and provides a sophisticated treatment of resistance in early Judaism. Building on a solid contextual foundation, Portier-Young argues that the first Jewish apocalypses emerged as a literature of resistance to Hellenistic imperial rule. She makes a sturdy case for this argument by examining three extant apocalypses, giving careful attention to the interplay between social theory, history, textual studies, and theological analysis. In particular, Portier-Young contends, the book of Daniel, the Apocalypse of Weeks, and the Book of Dreams were written to supply an oppressed people with a potent antidote to the destructive propaganda of the empire -- renewing their faith in the God of the covenant and answering state terror with radical visions of hope..
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action ancestral laws ancient angel Animal Apocalypse Antiochus Antiochus IV Epiphanes Antiochus’s Apocalypse of Weeks apocalyptic literature Apocalypticism Aramaic argues assert audience authority Biblical book of Daniel Book of Dreams book’s Brill Chaniotis chapter claims Coele-Syria Collins conquest context covenant cult cultural death discourse divine domination early Enochic literature earth edict empire epitomator faithful forms Gabriele Boccaccini God’s Greek heavenly Hebrew hegemony Hellenism Hellenistic Civilization holy human identifies identity imperial interpretation Israel Jason’s Jerusalem Jewish Jews John Judaism Judeans judgment king’s Leiden Lord Macc Maccabees makkîlîm meaning Menelaus Moses narrative Nickelsburg noted nrsv ofDaniel Oxford persecution Phoenicia political prayer prophetic Ptolemies Qumran reference religious resistance revelation revolt righteous role Roman royal Scott scriptures Second Temple Seleucid empire Seleucid rule Seleucus sheep social structures symbolic temple terror texts theology tion Torah traditions University Press VanderKam verb verse violence vision Watchers worship writers of Daniel