Archaeology and Environment in the Scoresby Sund Fjord

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Museum Tusculanum Press, 1991 - 152 pages
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In 1983, during archaeological investigations of Jameson Land in Northeast Greenland, Kalaallit Nunaata Katersugaasivia (Grønlands Landsmuseum) excavated a winter dwelling from the last Thule Eskimo settlement in that area. The results of the excavation are the subject of this book, where they are analysed and presented from an ethno-archaeological point of view. The introductory section describes the natural conditions and living resources of the area, and is followed by a short historical/archaeological review of Northeast Greenland. Next, the results of the excavation are presented with a description of the finds, and the archaeological data is evaluated in relation to previous material from Northeast Greenland. This is followed by a section on the material and cultural development and adjustments made by the present population of the Scoresby Sund area, as regards ecology and resources. An ethno-archaeological analysis is undertaken on the basis of the ethnological material presented, and theories put forward to describe patterns of resource exploitation, mobility, seasonal movements etc. for the people living in the last Thule culture in the Scoresby Sund area. Opportunities for contact with European Whalers and other cultural developments are also discussed.
 

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Contents

Foreword
5
Map of The Scoresby Sund Area showing poly nyas and glaciers
8
View from Scoresby Sund Kangikajik Kap Brewster August 1985
9
Iceberg In the background Volquart Boons Coast August 1976
10
Hydrothermal Graph Uunarteq Kap Tobin 1980
11
Herbslope at Depotelv Jameson Land August 1985
12
Lesser rorqual off Uunarteq Kap Tobin Sept 1978
16
Section of W Scoresbys map of Scoresby Sund
22
Contents of the amulet box
71
Beads excavated in 1982
73
Beads excavated in 1983
74
Trace buckles
75
Drop beads
76
Ornamented plates
78
Bone material from the excavation
79
Plan of bone concentration in the excavation
80

Recorded archaeological sites in Scoresby Sund
25
Plan of the locality 70 01IVl
28
Plan of the excavated sections
30
The House
31
Plan of the excavated dwelling
32
Plan showing distribution of finds in the excava tion
35
Harpoon heads
36
Harpoon heads in situ section AIII
39
Slate blades
40
Slate plate and hand drill Photo by KNK
41
Slate blades
42
Bone blades
43
Foreshafts
44
Various bone implements some with iron tips blades
47
Various bone implements
49
a + b Fragments of bow Photo by KNK
50
Various arrowheads
52
Arrow heads in situ One with the remains of the shaft
53
Small thrusting lance in situ
54
Fragments of wooden handles Photo by KNK
55
Wooden objects Photo by KNK
56
Objects of bone
57
Bone and wooden objects Photo by KNK
58
Snow knives
61
Whetstones toy lamp cooking pot human bear figurines and lamp fragment
63
Slate plates and unfinished blades
64
Sandstone lamp or drip bowl Photo by KNK
65
Sandstone lamp Photo by KNK
66
Cooking pot
67
Miniature laddle with bone needles Photo by KNK
68
Amulet box in situ
70
A B C Winter dwellings tent sites and narwhal occurence in Scoresby Sund 83
82
Ethnographical section
93
Localities in use today in Scoresby Sund
95
Population graph for Ittoqqortoormiit Scoresby sund
97
Ittaajimmiit Kap Hope September 1976
98
Hunter at the iceedge using rifle with telescope sights and shooting sledge September 1975
99
Sledge with iceedge dinghy December 1971
100
Camping at the iceedge April 1972
101
Netting areas and hunting blinds
103
QassimaleqhunUng May 1980
105
Kayak and iceedge dinghy Ittaajimmiit Kap Hope June 1972
106
Hunters at a shooting blind Ittaajimmiit Kap Hope July 1972
107
Number of ringed seals caught at Ittaajimmiit Kap Hope and meat quantities in kgs for 17
108
Hunting cycle except seals
109
Hunters flensing and sharing a bear March 1976
113
Musk ox hunting Nerterit Inaat Constable Pynt August 1976
117
Fox trap Ittoritseq Kap Stewart July 1984
118
Guillemots on a sledge April 1972
119
Jigging for arctic char in Sodalen May 1972
120
Sledge equipped with tackle for halibut fishing Ittaajimmiit Kap Hope September 1971
122
Hunting shares
123
Women scraping bear skin Ittaajimmiit Kap Hope April 1972
126
Flensing a lesser rorqual Ittoqqortoormiit Scoresbysund September 1983
127
Biomass in kgs per household Ittaajimmiit Kap Hope 197172
129
Hope 197172
130
Hunting conditions and adaption
132
Kayak Ittaajimmiit Kap Hope August 1971
135
Distribution of the latest Thule culture houses and narwhal occurence in Northeast Greenland
143
Distribution of neoeskimo winter settlements in Northeast Greenland
144
Appendix A
145
A hunters catch of ringed seals using nets and breathing hole hunting Ittaajimmiit Kap Hope 197172 104
150

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