The Nature-Nurture Debates: Bridging the Gap
"It's really incredible when you think about it. Here we are well into the 21st century and we are still fighting over the role of nature and nurture in human development. And it isn't even a new fight, it's not even a twentieth century fight, it actually goes back to the nineteenth century and probably even before that. So why is it that we can't get this question answered and move on to a new one? Is it because we haven't yet gotten the necessary data to make a conclusion one way or the other? Do we not yet have a powerful enough computer to sort everything out? Have we not identified the best method and statistics to collect and analysis the relevant data? One answer to these questions is of course "yes" to all these possibilities but there is also another possibility. It may also be that we are having trouble coming up with the answer because we continue to ask the wrong question"--
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adaptations adopted parents adult antecedents argue argument behavior genetic behavior geneticists biological Bjorklund brain Bronfenbrenner child children’s development claim classic debate cognitive cohort context correlations cultural deﬁned deﬁnition degree developmental systems developmental systems theory differences difﬁculty environment epigenetic evolution evolutionary psychologists evolved expression fact factors ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁrst ﬁt focus function Galton genes genome genotype Gottlieb heredity HighScope human development identiﬁed impact implications independent individual inﬂuence innate interactions interdependence issue Jensen less level of analysis Lickliter main effects Meaney measures mechanisms modern synthesis modules nativists and empiricists natural selection nature and nurture nature—nurture debate ofthe one’s ontogeny organism organism’s outcomes particular patterns perspective phenotype phylogeny Plomin prenatal psychology question recognize reductionist reﬂect role sample Scarr scientiﬁc seen shared environmental variance signiﬁcant simply social species speciﬁc statistical strategies systems theorists theory Tooby and Cosmides typically variability worldview