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abundant afternoon American animals appearance Arapahoes Arkansas river artemisia ascended barometer basin beautiful boat bottom broken buffalo bunch grass camp Carson Cascade range clear colour Columbia continued cotton-wood course covered creek crossed dark deep descended distance elevation emigrants encamped feet fire foot fork Fort Hall Fort Laramie frequently grass green Green river ground groves halted hills horses Indians journey lake Laramie Laramie river latitude left bank longitude miles morning mouth mules night noon observations obtained party pass peaks pines plain plants Platte river pleasant prairie Preuss principal Purshia tridentata rain ravine reached region remarkable ridge right bank road rock Rocky Mountains salt sand sandstone sandy seen shore side Sierra Sierra Nevada snow soil South Pass spring stream summit sunrise sunset Sweet Water thermometer timber to-day trail travelled trees valley village vols willow wind wooded yards
Page 80 - ... and explorers in our country, I engraved on this rock of the Far West a symbol of the Christian faith. Among the thickly inscribed names, I made on the hard granite the impression of a large cross, which I covered with a black preparation of India rubber, well calculated to resist the influence of wind and rain.
Page 152 - ... an early start, and have all the day before us for our adventure. The channel in a short distance became so shallow that our navigation was at an end, being merely a sheet of soft mud, with a few inches of water, and sometimes none at all, forming the lowwater shore of the lake. All this place was absolutely covered with flocks of screaming plover.
Page 150 - Carson had brought with him being now exhausted, and our stock reduced to a small quantity of roots, I determined to retain with me only a sufficient number of men for the execution of our design; and accordingly seven were sent back to Fort Hall under the guidance of Francois Lajeunesse, who, having been for many years a trapper in the country, was considered an experienced mountaineer.
Page 242 - River valley, and which had been a compagnon de voyage ever since, had now become fat, and the mess to which it belonged, requested permission to kill it. Leave was granted. Spread out on the snow, the meat looked very good ; and it made a strengthening meal for the greater part of the camp. Indians brought in two or three rabbits during the day, which were purchased from them.
Page 17 - A few miles brought us into the midst of the buffalo, swarming in immense numbers over the plains, where they had left scarcely a blade of grass standing. Mr. Preuss, who was sketching at a little distance in the rear, had at first noted them as large groves of timber.
Page 78 - ... constantly on the mind as the great features of the place. Here, on the summit, where the stillness was absolute, unbroken by any sound, and the solitude complete, we thought ourselves beyond the region of animated life ; but while we were sitting on the rock, a solitary bee (brormis, the humble bee) came winging his flight from the eastern valley, and lit on the knee of one of the men.
Page 154 - Carrying with us the barometer and other instruments, in the afternoon we ascended to the highest point of the island — a bare, rocky peak, eight hundred feet above the lake. Standing on the summit, we enjoyed an extended view of the lake, enclosed in a basin of rugged mountains, which sometimes left marshy flats and extensive bottoms between them and the shore...
Page 37 - ... fourth to the river. A few hundred yards brought us in view of the post of the American Fur Company, called Fort John, or Laramie. This was a large post, having more the air of military construction than the fort at the mouth of the river. It is on the left bank, on a rising ground some twenty-five feet above the water ; and its lofty walls, whitewashed and picketed, with the large bastions at the angles, gave it quite an imposing appearance in the uncertain light of evening.
Page 67 - Though these snow mountains are not the Alps, they have their own character of grandeur and magnificence, and will doubtless find pens and pencils to do them justice. In the scene before us, we feel how much wood improves a view.
Page 290 - Angeles, and continued our way through the same desolate and revolting country, where lizards were the only animal, and the tracks of the lizard eaters the principal sign of human beings. After twenty miles' march through a road of hills and heavy sands, we reached the most dreary river I have ever seen — a deep rapid stream, almost a torrent, passing swiftly by, and roaring against obstructions. The banks were wooded with willow, acacia, and a frequent plant of the country already mentioned, (Garrya...