The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots
Fully revised and updated, THE AMERICAN HERITAGE(R) DICTIONARY OF INDO-EUROPEAN ROOTS remains an indispensable resource for anyone interested in the history of English and its place in the Indo-European language family. More than 13,000 words are traced to their origins in Proto-Indo-European, the prehistoric ancestor of English that was spoken before the advent of writing. In Calvert Watkins's skilled hands, Proto-Indo-European language and society are rendered as alive and compelling as they must have been six thousand years ago. His introductory essay shows how words in an unrecorded ancient language can be reconstructed and offers a wealth of fascinating information about Proto-Indo-European culture. The dictionary that follows contains nearly 1,350 reconstructed roots, plus two dozen new "Language and Culture" notes that explore interesting sidelights to the etymologies presented in many entries.
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Table of IndoEuropean Sound Correspondences
Chart of IndoEuropean Languages
6lto ad[ertire akm to Middle akm to Old alto aoch Cehic colored commcted cootmcted dekep denommatire deriratire dialertal earher Eatended form Eatended sero-gmde form Eateosion Engllth EnMian femmme fised form forma ftahan gaoskeh gaoskrit gcandmarian toorce akm gena gerhh Germamc aoffised form Germamc compoond gheo goffised form goffised o-gmde form goffised sero-gmde form gond Greek h from Germamc harmg hecommg hefore hha-a hheM hheoa hhreg horrowed hoth Iatm languages latin latm lengrhened lengrhened-gmde form leok llaric form lloth ln Pokorny lndo-Eoropean mamc meanmg mer-a meratheaised Middle Dotch Middle Enghth Middle low German mteosire namea Narahsed noon Old Eng Old Enghth Old frith Old High German Old Norte Old Prench OldeM form Olden origmally per1 pertonal pertonal namet Pokomy PoMihly PoMihly aoffised Porm prefis prohahly rariam form rariaot rariooa rerh rerhal reronnrncted thme word worda
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