This essential core text introduces readers to metaphysics. In thoughtful and engaging prose, Peter van Inwagen examines three profound questions; What are the most general features of the world? Why is there a world? And, what is the place of human beings in the world? The third edition includes an entirely new chapter on ontology. The new chapter presents a theory of the nature of being and proceeds to apply this theory to two problems of ontology; the problem of non-existent objects and the problem of universals. Equally valuable as a textbook in a university course or an introduction to metaphysical thinking for the interested layperson, Metaphysics remains a fascinating book for a wide range of readers, from first-time students to the most sophisticated philosophers.
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actual world Alice answer anti-Realism anti-Realist appearance argu assertions atoms believe Berkeley Berkeley’s called cause common objects Common Western Metaphysic compatibilist concept conclusion consider contingent cosmological argument cosmos Descartes Descartes’s dualist duplicate event event-type everything example experience explanation fact false future Holmes human organism human person identical illusion impossible independent individual thing intrinsic properties Jane Kant least logical Mahal matter mean ment mental metaphysicians metaphysics meters mind modal ontological argument modifications Monism Mount Alfred Mount Everest mystery nature necessarily existent necessary truth negmount nominalist non-existent non-physical things number of things obviously one’s ontological argument past perfect philosophers physical cosmology physical thing physicalist plausible possible world premise Principle of Sufficient proposition rational animals reality Russell’s theory seems sense sentence Sherlock Holmes ship shortest straw simply someone sort space species Spinoza statement Sufficient Reason suppose Taj Mahal teleological argument thesis tion true universe word