American Indian Ethnic Renewal: Red Power and the Resurgence of Identity and Culture
Does activism matter? This book answers with a clear "yes." American Indian Ethnic Renewal traces the growth of the American Indian population over the past forty years, when the number of Native Americans grew from fewer than one-half million in 1950 to nearly 2 million in 1990. This quadrupling of the American Indian population cannot be explained by rising birth rates, declining death rates, or immigration. Instead, the growth in the number of American Indians is the result of an increased willingness of Americans to identify themselves as Indians. What is driving this increased ethnic identification? In American Indian Ethnic Renewal, Joane Nagel identifies several historical forces which have converged to create an urban Indian population base, a reservation and urban Indian organizational infrastructure, and a broad cultural climate of ethnic pride and militancy. Central among these forces was federal Indian "Termination" policy which, ironically, was designed to assimilate and de-tribalize Native America. Reactions against Termination were nurtured by the Civil Rights era atmosphere of ethnic pride to become a central focus of the native rights activist movement known as "Red Power." This resurgence of American Indian ethnic pride inspired increased Indian ethnic identification, launched a renaissance in American Indian culture, language, art, and spirituality, and eventually contributed to the replacement of Termination with new federal policies affirming tribal Self- Determination. American Indian Ethnic Renewal offers a general theory of ethnic resurgence which stresses both structure and agency--the role of politics and the importance of collective and individual action--in understanding how ethnic groups revitalize and reinvent themselves. Scholars and students of American Indians, social movements and activism, and recent United States history, as well as the general reader interested in Native American life, will all find this an engaging and informative work.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
action activist African Americans Alcatraz Island Ameri American Indian ethnic American Indian Movement American Indian population Anthropology argues Black blood quantum Bureau of Indian Census Bureau Center Cherokee Chicago civil rights construction core Indians cultural renewal economic Eschbach ethnic boundaries ethnic groups ethnic identity ethnic Indian federal Indian policy fish-in funding Hispanic hypodescent Ibid identification increase Indian activism Indian Affairs Indian ancestry Indian communities Indian ethnic renewal Indian Identity Indian race Indian tribes Indians American indigenous individual intertribal Invention Lakota land claims membership Menominee mobilization Native American non-Indian official Oklahoma organizations Pan-Indian percent programs Pueblo racial reconstruction Red Power Red Power movement relocation researchers reservation result resurgence revitalization role Russell Means self-determination Snipp Society supratribal Survival symbolic termination policy Thornton tion traditional treaty U.S. Bureau U.S. Census U.S. Census Bureau United University Press urban Indian Vine Deloria Ward Churchill Washington Wounded Knee York
All Book Search results »
Freaks, Geeks, and Cool Kids: American Teenagers, Schools, and the Culture ...
Murray Milner Jr.
No preview available - 2004