The Foreign Policy of Counter Secession: Preventing the Recognition of Contested States
How do states prevent the recognition of territories that have unilaterally declared independence? At a time when the issue of secession is becoming increasingly significant on the world stage, this is the first book to consider this crucial question. Analysing the efforts of the governments of Serbia, Georgia, and Cyprus to prevent the international recognition of Kosovo, South Ossetia, Abkhazia, and northern Cyprus the work draws on in depth interviews with a number of leading policy makers to explain how each of the countries has designed, developed, and implemented its counter secession strategies. After explaining how the principle of the territorial integrity of states has tended to take precedence over the right of self-determination, it examines the range of ways countries facing a separatist threat can prevent recognition by other states and considers the increasingly important role played by international and regional organisations, especially the United Nations, in the recognition process. Additionally, it shows how forms of legitimisation or acknowledgement are also central elements of any counter-recognition process, and why steps to prevent secessionist entities from participating in major sporting and cultural bodies are given so much attention. Finally, it questions the effects of these counter recognition efforts on attempts to solve these territorial conflicts. Drawing on history, politics, and international law this book is the first and only comprehensive account of this increasingly important field of foreign policy.
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1 Secession and Recognition in International Politics
2 Current Cases of Contested Secession
3 Reasons for Contesting Secession and Preventing Recognition
4 Planning and Implementing a CounterRecognition Strategy
5 Preventing State Recognition
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Abkhazia accept active Affairs appears attempt August Bangladesh become Belgrade bodies breakaway claim concerns consider contested counter-recognition countries Court Court of Justice Cyprus December decision declaration of independence effect efforts emerged European European Union example existence fact February Federation force Foreign formal gain Georgia Georgian official Greek Cypriots Group important institutions International Court International Law island issue July legitimization lobbying London major March matter meeting membership minister Nevertheless noted November October official opinion organizations parent play political position possible powers practice President Press prevent question reason recognition recognized Kosovo regarded regional relations remains Report Republic resolution result role rule Russia secession secessionist Security Council seen Senior Serbia significant situation South Ossetia sovereignty statehood status suggested Tbilisi territory TRNC Turkey Turkish Cypriot unilateral declaration United Nations University World