Lucian, Volume 3

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Harvard University Press, 1921 - Satire, Greek
Lucian (c. 120-190 CE), apprentice sculptor then travelling rhetorician, settled in Athens and developed an original brand of satire. Notable for the Attic purity and elegance of his Greek and for literary versatility, he is famous chiefly for the lively, cynical wit of the dialogues in which he satirizes human folly, superstition, and hypocrisy. Lucian (ca. 120-190 CE), the satirist from Samosata on the Euphrates, started as an apprentice sculptor, turned to rhetoric and visited Italy and Gaul as a successful travelling lecturer, before settling in Athens and developing his original brand of satire. Late in life he fell on hard times and accepted an official post in Egypt. Although notable for the Attic purity and elegance of his Greek and his literary versatility, Lucian is chiefly famed for the lively, cynical wit of the humorous dialogues in which he satirizes human folly, superstition, and hypocrisy. His aim was to amuse rather than to instruct. Among his best works are A True Story (the tallest of tall stories, about a voyage to the moon) and The Carousal or Symposium (philosophers misbehave at a party) (both in Loeb Classical Library volume no. 14); Dialogues of the Gods (a reductio ad absurdum of traditional mythology) and Dialogues of the Dead (on the vanity of human wishes) (both in Loeb no. 431); Philosophies for Sale (great philosophers of the past are auctioned off as slaves) and Timon (the problems of being rich) (Loeb no. 54); The Fisherman (the degeneracy of modern philosophers) and Twice Accused (Lucian's defense of his literary career) (Loeb no. 130); and, if by Lucian, The Ass (the amusing adventures of a man who is turned into an ass) (Loeb no. 432).

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Page 249 - Polycleitus' work. Never mind those to the right as you come in, among which stand the tyrant-slayers, modelled by Critius and Nesiotes ; but if you noticed one beside the fountain, pot-bellied, bald on the forehead, half bared by the hang of his cloak, with some of the hairs of his beard wind-blown and his veins prominent, the image of a real man...
Page 233 - O Muse, of the man of many devices, who wandered full many ways after he had sacked the sacred citadel of Troy. Many were the men whose cities he saw and whose mind he learned, aye, and many the woes he suffered in his heart upon the sea, seeking to win his own life and the return of his comrades.
Page 97 - I had, and put another upon me that is comic, satyr-like, and almost ridiculous. Then he unceremoniously penned me up with Jest and Satire and Cynicism and Eupolis and Aristophanes, terrible men for mocking all that is holy and scoffing at all that is right.
Page 167 - ... afire, and all the rest of it — you know it — did not do so because he wanted the dream interpreted, nor yet because he had made up his mind to talk nonsense, particularly in time of war and in a desperate state of affairs, with the enemy on every side ; no, the story had a certain usefulness.2 So it was with me, and I told you this dream in order that those who are young may take the better direction and cleave to education, above all if poverty 1 The Alexandrians called Heracles " him of...
Page 365 - Vols. 1 and II. PLINY : LETTERS. Melmoth's Translation revised by WML Hutchinson. 2 Vols. PROPERTIUS. Trans, by HE Butler.
Page 191 - ... of a parasite. Then if Parasitic is not want of art and not a gift, but a complex of knowledges exercised in combination, evidently we have reached an agreement to-day that it is an art. TYCHIADES As far as I can judge from what has been said. But wait a bit : give us a first-class definition of Parasitic. SIMON Right. It seems to me that the definition might best be expressed thus : Parasitic is that art which is concerned with food and drink and what must be said and done to obtain them, and...
Page 117 - ... unless you judge them by the extent to which they are eaten into and cut up, calling the book-worms into counsel to settle the question ? As to their correctness and freedom from mistakes, what judgement have you, and what is it worth ? Yet suppose I grant you that you have selected the very editions de luxe that were prepared by Callinus or by the famous Atticus with the utmost care.2 1 Not old, though they look old.
Page 99 - ... whether the soul is immortal," and " when God made the world, how many pints of pure, changeless substance he poured into the vessel in which he concocted the universe...
Page 241 - I myself was formerly more incredulous than you in regard to such things, for I thought it in no way possible that they could happen ; but when first I saw the foreign stranger fly — he came from the land of the Hyperboreans, he said — , I believed and was conquered after long resistance. What was 1 to do when I saw him soar through the air in broad daylight and walk on the water and go through fire slowly on foot?" " Did you see that ? " said I — " the Hyperborean flying, or stepping on the...

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