The Bhagavadgita in the Mahabharata
University of Chicago Press, Jul 26, 2013 - Religion - 183 pages
No other Sanskrit work approaches the Bhagavadgita in the influence it has exerted in the West. Philosophers such as Emerson and the other New England Transcendentalists were deeply affected by its insights, a dozen or more scholars, including Annie Besant and Mahatma Gandhi, have attempted its translation, and thousands of individuals struggling with the problems divided loyalties have found comfort and wisdom in its pages.
The Bhagavadgita ("Song of the Lord") tells of the young and virtuous Prince Arjuna who is driven to lead his forces into battle against an opposing army composed of close relatives and others whom he loves. The Lord Krsna, appearing in the poem as Arjuna's friend and charioteer, persuades him that he must do battle, and we see Arjuna changing from revulsion at the thought of killing members of his family to resignation and awareness of duty, to manly acceptance of his role as warrior and defender of his kingdom.
The Bhagavadgita is a self-contained episode in the Mahabharata, a vast collection of epics, legends, romances, theology, and metaphysical doctrine that reflects the history and culture of the whole of Hindu civilization. The present edition forms a part of J. A. B. van Buitenen's widely acclaimed translation of this great work. Here English and Sanskrit are printed on facing pages, enabling those with some knowledge of Sanskrit to appreciate van Buitenen's accurate rendering of the intimate, familial tone and directness of the original poem.
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action acts aham anikani Arjuna Arjuna uvāca army askesis asmi atha avyayam battle Bhagavadgitā bhakti Bhārata Bharatarsabha bhavati Bhisma body brahman buddhi bull caiva chariot creatures death desire Dhanamjaya dharma Dhrstadyumna Dhrtarăstra divine Drona drstvį Duryodhana elephants enemy etad eternal evam fight fruits Gita Gods gunas idam Indra insight jńānam karman Karna katham Kaunteya Kauravas kill king knowledge Krpa Krsna Kurus Lord mahābāho Mahābhārata mahārāja mäm mama mayå mayi mind Pāndavas param paramam Pärtha pasyati person prakrti purusa rājan rajas Rāmānuja rebirth renouncing renunciation rites ritual rupam sacrifice Sahadeva Samjaya Samjaya uvāca Samkhya Sarvam Sarvān Sarve sattva seers senses serenity Sikhandin smrti soul spirit Sribhagavān uvāca Śruti strong-armed sukham supreme tamas tasya tatah tatha tato tatra tava transcendent troops tvam ucyate unmanifest Upanisads uvāca Veda Vedānta Vedic viddhi warriors yoga yogam yogin yoked Yudhisthira yudhyasva