In the Name of Democracy: JP Movement and the Emergency
An Examination Of Two Watershed Developments In Our Contemporary History
The Emergency Of 1975-77 Was A Dark Chapter Of India S Democracy. Leading Up To It Was The Jp Movement, Named After Its Leader Jayaprakash Narayan, Which Paralysed Much Of Northern India And Directly Challenged Prime Minister Indira Gandhi At The Centre. This Book, Unlike Earlier Studies, Looks At These Happenings Sequentially, Seeking To Understand Their Character And The Nature Of The Challenge They Posed To Our Democracy.
Tracking The Events Of The Period, Bipan Chandra Finds That Instead Of Pressing For Mrs Gandhi S Resignation, Jp Could Have Waited For The Law To Take Its Course Or Asked For Immediate Elections. Similarly, Indira Gandhi Could Have Preponed Elections On Grounds Of Political Instability And Sought A Popular Mandate Rather Than Impose Internal Emergency. Both Sides Seemed To Have Been Prisoners To Immediate Circumstances And Had The Potential For Leading To A Totalitarian Dictatorship Though They Did Not. Yet, Despite The Authoritarianism Inherent In The Emergency, Particularly With The Rise To Power Of Sanjay Gandhi And His Youth Congress Brigade, Indira Gandhi Ended It And Called For Elections. Likewise, The Jp Movement Ran Out Of Steam, Though The Danger Of It Turning Fascist Was Real, Given The Fuzzy Ideology Of Total Revolution, Confused Leadership, And Dependence On The Rss For Its Organization.
Finely Argued, Incisive And Original, This Book Is A Valuable Contribution To Our Understanding Of Those Turbulent Years. Further, By Raising The Matter Of Acceptable Limits Of Popular Protest In A Democracy, It Offers Insights Of Great Contemporary Relevance.
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The Years of Disillusionment
Popular Movements and Political Crisis
The Emergency Imposed
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20-Point Programme administrative agitation amendment arrested assembly authoritarian Balraj Puri bandhs basic Bihar movement bureaucracy cadres campaign censorship civil communists Congress party constitutional corruption critical December declared Delhi demand democratic dictatorship Dom Moraes earlier economic elections electoral Emergency regime Everyman's example extra-constitutional fascist forces Gandhiji Geoffrey Ostergaard gherao Gujarat Ibid ideology implementation India Indian Democracy Indira Gandhi intellectuals interview Jan Sangh Janata January Jayaprakash Narayan JP movement JP's judgement June large number leadership Lok Sabha Madhu Limaye major March mass movement Minoo Masani Morarji Desai Moreover Nehru November opposition leaders opposition parties organization P.N. Dhar Parliament parliamentary democracy people's policies political parties political system popular Press prime minister protest Pupul Jayakar Quoted radical resign revolutionary right-wing role RSS-Jan Sangh rule rural Sanjay Gandhi Sarvodaya situation social socialists sterilization structure struggle Total Revolution workers Youth Congress