Creating Portland: History and Place in Northern New England
Portland, the largest city in Maine, has recently become one of the most popular destinations in the United States. Named one of New England’s most livable cities, Portland has grown over the past quarter century into a major regional center and international tourist mecca.
From the colonial period, Portland has been defined by its diverse array of peoples. Native American inhabitants possessed a strong sense of place rooted in spiritual beliefs, environmental practices, and tribal lore. Puritans, Quakers, and Baptists brought religious diversity to Colonial Falmouth (one of several early names for Portland). By the late eighteenth century, free blacks formed an important community. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Irish, Italian, Greek, and Jewish immigrants made their way to Portland. Today, more recent immigrants include individuals from Asia, Africa, and Latin America. In addition, Portland has a thriving gay community.
Geography, history, and public policy all shaped modern Portland. The core of the city is on a peninsula with a protected harbor on Casco Bay. Across time, Portland residents have exploited geography to develop a natural resource economy. Portland has been a fur trading post, a fishing center, a lumbering and shipbuilding community, a commercial entrepot, and a tourist destination. Portland’s proximity to the sea has been the overriding factor in its development, and is a central theme of the historical essays in this volume.
A model of contemporary place studies, Creating Portland brings together essays by fourteen scholars on the history, geography, arts, literature, and built environment of Portland over the course of three centuries. Illuminating Portland within the larger context of New England regionalism, and unified by a focus on Portland as a living, changing urban center, Creating Portland is an invaluable guide to the city and a resource for scholars, students, residents, and tourists.
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Formerly Machegonne Dartmouth York
Falmouth the American Revolution and
Longfellows Portland Charles Calhoun
Latin American Influences
Portland and the Visual Arts
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African American April artists Back Cove Baxter became Black Boston Bramhall Park British buildings Canceaux Cape Elizabeth Casco Bay Charles city's coast colonial commercial created Cuba Cuban cultural Cumberland County Deering Oaks domestic early Eastern economic England factory Falmouth Figure Gorham's Corner Greater Portland harbor Hispanics immigrants Irish women Island John Calvin Stevens Journal labor land landscape Latin Americans lesbian literary Longfellow Maine Historical Society Maine's maritime Marsden Hartley Massachusetts merchants Munjoy Hill Museum of Art NAACP National Native neighborhoods nineteenth century Olmsted painting Park peninsula percent population Portland City Portland Evening Express Portland Museum Portland Press Herald Preston Project railroad region residents sailors Samuel ships shipyard Smith social South Portland Southern Maine sugar tion town U.S. Census United University of Southern University Press urban vessels Wabanaki waterfront Western Promenade William Willis workers York