An Investigation Concerning the State

Front Cover
ICS Publications, 2006 - Law - 202 pages
Any state exists only for the benefit of human beings. This basic tenet of Edith Stein's political thought rests on her conviction that humanity is fundamentally one community, precious beyond measure. Differences of race, culture, and language offer us means to grasp the values of life uniquely so that we may share them universally, reaching across all such social boundaries.

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The ontic fabric of the state
b The relationship to superordinate
c State and ethnicity

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About the author (2006)

Edith Stein, saintly Carmelite, profound philosopher
and brilliant writer, had a great influence on the
women of her time, and is having a growing
influence in the intellectual and philosophical
circles of today’s Germany and of the whole world.
She is an inspiration to all Christians whose
heritage is the Cross, and her life was offered for
her own Jewish people in their sufferings and

Born on October 12, 1891, of Jewish parents,
Siegried Stein and Auguste Courant, in Breslau,
Germany, Edith Stein from her earliest years
showed a great aptitude for learning, and by
the time of the outbreak of World War I, she
had studied philology and philosophy at the
universities of Breslau and Goettingen.

After the war, she resumed her higher studies at
the University of Freiburg and was awarded her
doctorate in philosophy Suma Cum Laude. She later
became the assistant and collaborator of Professor
Husserl, the famous founder of phenomenology,
who greatly appreciated her brilliant mind.

In the midst of all her studies, Edith Stein was
searching not only for the truth, but for Truth
itself and she found both in the Catholic Church,
after reading the autobiography of Saint Teresa
of Avila. She was baptized on New Year’s Day,

After her conversion, Edith spent her days
teaching, lecturing, writing and translating,and
she soon became known as a celebrated
philosopher and author, but her own great
longing was for the solitude and contemplation
of Carmel, in which she could offer herself to
God for her people. It was not until the Nazi
persecution of the Jews brought her public
activities and her influence in the Catholic
world to a sudden close that her Benedictine
spiritual director gave his approval to her
entering the Discalced Carmelite Nuns’
cloistered community at Cologne-Lindenthal
on 14 October 1933. The following April, Edith
received the Habit of Carmel and the religious
name of "Teresia Benedicta ac Cruce," and on
Easter Sunday, 21 April 1935, she made her
Profession of Vows.

When the Jewish persecution increased in violence
and fanaticism, Sister Teresa Benedicta soon
realized the danger that her presence was to the
Cologne Carmel, and she asked and received
permission to transfer to a foreign monastery.
On the night of 31 December 1938, she secretly
crossed the border into Holland where she was
warmly received in the Carmel of Echt. There she
wrote her last work, The Science of the Cross.

Her own Cross was just ahead of her, for the

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