The Acquisition of Direct Object Scrambling and Clitic Placement: Syntax and Pragmatics
This book offers a new contribution to the debate concerning the "real time acquisition" of grammar in First Language Acquisition Theory. It combines detailed and quantitative observations of object placement in Dutch and Italian child language with an analysis that makes use of the Modularity Hypothesis. Real time development is explained by the interaction between two different modules of language, namely syntax and pragmatics. Children need to build up knowledge of how the world works, which includes learning that in communicating with someone else, one must realize that speaker and hearer knowledge are always independent. Since the syntactic feature referentiality can only be marked if this (pragmatic) distinction is made, and assuming that certain types of object placement (such as scrambling and clitic placement) are motivated by referentiality, it follows that the relevant syntactic mechanism is dependent on the prior acquisition of a pragmatic distinction.
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adult language after-draw altijd eerst Bert gaat Chapter child language coniglietta Cos'ha fatto Daisy Duck definite DP definite referential DP dillo dinosaur direct object clitics direct object scrambling discourse discourse-related DiscP doen Donald Duck DP with high DP with low Dutch Dutch and Italian Ernie gaat Experimenter feature referential gaat Bert gaat Ernie gaat Koekiemonster gaat NIET gebeurt er echt going to cut going to draw going to eat gonna Goofy gaat Guarda heeft high adverb Hypothesis indefinite objects interpretation Italian children Kijk knippen Koekiemonster gaat Little Mermaid low adverb Mermaid's hair Mickey Mouse Minnie Mouse Mommy bear MOOI natekenen Nijntje non-discourse-related nouns object clitic placement object placement opeten out-cut Paperino passato prossimo past participle Pluto gaat position pronoun proper name rabbit Raja RefP scenarios sentences sirenetta smurf SpecDiscP SpecRefP syntactic Tiger Tom the Tiger Topolino uitknippen Universal Grammar up-eat vuole Wat gaat Wat gebeurt What's really happening
Page 178 - Hyams, N. (1994, March). The underspecification of functional categories in early grammar. Paper presented at the Great Britain Child Language Seminar, Bangor, Wales.