The Acquisition of Direct Object Scrambling and Clitic Placement: Syntax and Pragmatics
This book offers a new contribution to the debate concerning the "real time acquisition" of grammar in First Language Acquisition Theory. It combines detailed and quantitative observations of object placement in Dutch and Italian child language with an analysis that makes use of the Modularity Hypothesis. Real time development is explained by the interaction between two different modules of language, namely syntax and pragmatics. Children need to build up knowledge of how the world works, which includes learning that in communicating with someone else, one must realize that speaker and hearer knowledge are always independent. Since the syntactic feature referentiality can only be marked if this (pragmatic) distinction is made, and assuming that certain types of object placement (such as scrambling and clitic placement) are motivated by referentiality, it follows that the relevant syntactic mechanism is dependent on the prior acquisition of a pragmatic distinction.
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2-year olds adults agreement apple Bert Bert gaat Chapter child language constructions contexts definite definite DP dillo dinosaur direct object clitics discourse discourse-related doen Donald Duck draw Dutch early Ernie gaat example experiment Experimenter Figure functional gaat gaat NIET goes going going to cut gonna Goofy grammar Guarda high adverb Hypothesis illustrated indefinite interpretation Italian Italian children Italy Kijk Kind knowledge Koekiemonster linguistic Little Look low adverb marked Mickey Mouse Minnie move natekenen negation niet Nijntje non-referential nouns object clitic placement object scrambling opeten optional overt passato prossimo past participle pear Pluto position pragmatic preceding prediction present pronoun proper name Proportions propose puppet rabbit Raja referent referential referential DP RefP respect scenarios sentences speaker structure syntactic Table Tiger tree types uitknippen verb vuole wants washed
Page 178 - Hyams, N. (1994, March). The underspecification of functional categories in early grammar. Paper presented at the Great Britain Child Language Seminar, Bangor, Wales.