Travels through Arabia and other countries in the East, Volume 2

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R. Morison and Son, 1792 - History
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Page 231 - Loheya, there was a faillor, whofe tafk every afternoon was to prepare Durra for next day's bread. He broke and bruifed the grain between two ftones, one of which was convex, the other concave. Of the meal thus prepared, he formed dough, and then divided it into fmall cakes. In the meantime^ the oven was heated ; but it was fimply an...
Page 159 - Arab race live on the fleih of their buffaloes, cows, and horfes, and on the produce of fome little ploughing. The former tribes, diftinguiihed as noble by their pofleifion of camels, are denominated Abu el Abaar ; and the fécond Moaedan.
Page 235 - Hedsjas veil their faces, like thofe of Egypt, with a narrow piece of linen, which leaves both the eyes uncovered. In Yemen, they wear a larger veil, which covers the face fo entirely, that the eyes can hardly be difcerned. At Sana and Mokha, they cover the face with a gauze veil, which is often embroidered with gold. They wear all rings on their fingers, arms, nofe, and ears.
Page 230 - ... which renders the ufe of them dangerous to the health. The Englifh, too, fometimes bring Arrack from India to Mokha. At Loheya, we bought a fort of wine, prepared from an infufion of dry grapes in water, in a pot which is buried in the ground, to make the liquor ferment. We had alfo offered to us a thick, white liquor, called Bufa, which is prepared from meal mixed with water, and brought into a ftate of fermentation. It is. ufed at Bafra, and is ftill more common in Armenia, where the inhabitants...
Page 234 - As it muft be very difagreeable, in a hot country, to have the head always loaded in this manner, the Arabians, when in their own houfes, or with intimate friends, lay afide this ufelefs weight, all to one or two of the caps. But before perfons whom they are obliged to treat with ceremony or refpeft, they dare not appear without their turbans.
Page 262 - THE monarchs of the Eaft do not take the fame care, or lay out the fame expence, for the encouragement of fcience as the fovereigns of Europe. In Arabia, therefore, are neither numerous academies, nor men of profound learning. Yet the Arabian youth are not entirely neglected. In the cities, many of the loweft of the people are taught both to read and write ; the fame qualifications are alfo common among the Shiechs of the defart, and in Egypt.
Page 348 - All fitnple nations ufe for remedies vegetables of the virtues of which they have a traditionary knowledge. The Arabians have alfo medicines of this kind, which they have ufed from time immemorial, with a degree of fuccefs of which indeed a ftranger can never be abfolutely certain. I need fay nothing of plants fo well known as aloes and euphorbia. In Arabia, the different fpecies of the latter of thefe plants are fo numerous, that Arabia may certainly be regarded as its native country.
Page 317 - The Arabians, when they travel, carry with them garlic and dried grapes, for the purpofe of reviving fuch perfons as may fall down fainting, from the effect of thefe hot blafts.
Page 234 - But before perfons whom they are obliged to treat with ceremony or refpeft, they dare not appear without their turbans. Thofe who defire to pafs for men of learning, difcover their pretenfions by the bulk of their turbans. Arabians of rank wear one piece of drefs, which is not in ufe among the other inhabitants of the Eaft. This is a piece of fine linen upon the moulder, which fcems to have been originally intended to ihelter the wearer from the fun and rain, but is now merely ornamental.
Page 232 - Arabians have ovens like ours ; their bread is of barley-meal, and of the form and thicknefs of our pancakes ; but they never give it enough of the fire. It is fingular that the Arabs, who are no ftrangers to the invention of mills, mould ftill continue the old and troublefome praftice of bruifing their grain with ftones, without machinery.

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