Bretherick's Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards
Bretherick's Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards, Fourth Edition, has been prepared and revised to give access to a wide and up-to-date selection of documented information to research students, practicing chemists, safety officers, and others concerned with the safe handling and use of reactive chemicals. This will allow ready assessment of the likely potential for reaction hazards which may be associated with an existing or proposed chemical compound or reaction system. A secondary, longer-term purpose is to present the information in a way which will, as far as possible, bring out the causes of, and interrelationships between, apparently disconnected facts and incidents.
This handbook includes all information which had become available to the author by April 1989 on the reactivity hazards of individual elements or compounds, either alone or in combination. It begins with an introductory chapter that provides an overview of the complex subject of reactive chemical hazards, drawing attention to the underlying principles and to some practical aspects of minimizing such hazards. This is followed by two sections: Section 1 provides detailed information on the hazardous properties of individual chemicals, either alone or in combination with other compounds; the entries in Section 2 are of two distinct types. The first type of entry gives general information on the hazardous behavior of some recognizably discrete classes or groups of the 4,600 or so individual compounds for which details are given in Section 1. The second type of entry concerns reactive hazard topics, techniques, or incidents which have a common theme or pattern of behavior involving compounds of several different groups, so that no common structural feature exists for the compounds involved.
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Index of Chemical Names and Synonyms used in Section 1
Appendix 5 Index of Class Group and Topic Titles used in Section 2
Index of Section 2 Titles Classified by Type
Index of CAS Registry Numbers vs Serial Numbers in Section 1
Acetic acetylene acetylide ACYL HALIDES ALKYLMETALS Aluminium ambient temperature Amer Angew anhydride Anon azide Bromine Calcium carbon CATALYTIC Chem chloride Chlorine trifluoride combinations with oxidants Copper(I CYANO COMPOUNDS decomposes explosively decomposition in range detonation Dimethyl distillation endothermic ENDOTHERMIC COMPOUNDS Energy of decomposition entry THERMOCHEMISTRY ether Ethyl Ethylene EXOTHERMIC DECOMPOSITION reference exploded violently explodes on heating explosion occurred fluoride GAS EVOLUTION INCIDENTS HALIDES HALOALKANES Halocarbons Halogens hydride Hydrogen peroxide ignites in air Inorg Interaction kJ/g kJ/mol Lithium material mbar MCA Case History Mellor Mercury(II METAL methanol mixture MRH values calculated nitrate Nitric acid NITROARYL COMPOUNDS Nitromethane NON-METAL ORGANIC ACIDS oxidants are given oxygen Perchloric acid PEROxIDISABLE COMPOUNDS polymerisation POLYMERISATION INCIDENTS POLYNITROARYL COMPOUNDS Potassium Preparative hazard pressure private comm pyrophoric reactants Yoshida reaction reacts salt shock-sensitive Sodium hydroxide solid solution solvent Sorbe sulfide Sulfuric acid Synth TETRAZOLES thermal THERMOCHEMISTRY THERMOCHEMISTRY AND EXOTHERMIC violent explosion