Armenian-Americans: From Being to Feeling Armenian

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Transaction Publishers, 1993 - Social Science - 511 pages

Assimilation has been a contentious issues for most immigrant groups in the United States. The host society is assumed to lire immigrants and their descendants away from their ancestral heritage. Yet, in their quest for a "better" life, few immigrants intentionally forsake heir ethnic identity; most try to hold onto their culture by transplanting their traditional institutions and recreating new communities in America. Armenian-Americans are no exception.

Armenian-Americans have been generally overlooked by census enumerators, survey analysts, and social scientists because of their small numbers and relative dispersion throughout the United States. They remain a little-studied group that has been called a "hidden minority." "Armenian Americans" fills this significant gap. Based on the results of an extensive mail questionnaire survey, in-depth interviews, and participant observation of communal gatherings, this book analyzed the individual and collective struggles of Armenian-Americans to perpetuate their Armenian legacy while actively seeking new pathways to the American Dream.

This volume shows how men and women of Armenian descent become distanced from their ethnic origins with the passing of generations. Yet assimilation and maintenance of ethnic identity go hand-in-hand. The ascribed, unconscious, compulsive Armenianness of the immigrant generation is transformed into a voluntary, rational, situational Armenianness. The generational change is from "being" Armenian to "feeling" Armenian.

The Armenian-American community has grown and prospered in this century. Greater tolerance of ethnic differences in the host society, the remarkable social mobility of many Armenian-Americans and the influx of large numbers of new immigrants from the Middle East and Soviet bloc in recent decades have contributed to this development. The future of this community, however, remains precarious as it strives to adjust to the ever changing social, economic, and political conditions affecting Armenians in the United States; the diaspora; and the new republic of Armenia. "Armenian-Americans" will be of interest to sociologists, anthropologists, and social historians, and of course to people of Armenian ancestry.

Anny Bakalian is professor of sociology at the College of Notre Dame of Maryland in Baltimore. This is her first book.


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Introduction Assimilation and Identity
Church and Politics
The ArmenianAmerican Community
The Debate over Language
Sources of Identity
Conclusions Intermarriage Symbolic Armenianness
Appendix copy of questionnaire

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About the author (1993)

Anny Bakalian is the associate director of the Middle East and Middle Eastern American Center at the Graduate Center, City University of New York. She is the co-author of Backlash 9/11: Middle Eastern and Muslim Americans Respond.

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