The Origins of Christian Morality: The First Two Centuries

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Yale University Press, 1993 - Religion - 275 pages
2 Reviews
By the time Christianity became a political and cultural force in the Roman Empire, it had come to embody a new moral vision. This wise and eloquent book describes the formative years--from the crucifixion of Jesus to the end of the second century of the common era--when Christian beliefs and practices shaped their unique moral order.
Wayne A. Meeks examines the surviving documents from Christianity's beginnings (some of which became the New Testament) and shows that they are largely concerned with the way converts to the movement should behave. Meeks finds that for these Christians, the formation of morals means the formation of community; the documents are  addressed not to individuals but to groups, and they have among their primary aims the maintenance and growth of these groups. Meeks paints a picture of the process of socialization that produced the early forms of Christian morality, discussing many factors that made the Christians feel that they were a single and "chosen" people. He describes, for example, the impact of conversion; the rapid spread of Christian household cult-associations in the cities of the Roman Empire; the language of Christian moral discourse as revealed in letters, testaments, and "moral stories"; the rituals, meetings, and institutionalization of charity; the Christians' feelings about celibacy, sex, and gender roles; and their sense of the end-time and final judgment. In each of these areas Meeks seeks to determine what is distinctive about the Christian viewpoint and what is similar to the moral components of Greco-Roman or Jewish thought.
 

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Disappointing and Irritating

User Review  - Philip Tutt - Christianbook.com

This book began as a series of lectures given by Prof. Meeks at Oxford, in 1990 and 1991, with some earlier lecture material included. Unfortunately it reads pretty much like that throughout--more of ... Read full review

LibraryThing Review

User Review  - kant1066 - LibraryThing

Constructing the moralities and ethical sensibilities of people is always difficult, especially when you’re at a remove of about twenty centuries, yet this is what Wayne Meeks, Woolsey Professor of ... Read full review

Contents

Morals and Community
1
Moral Consequences of Conversion
18
City Household People of God
37
Loving and Hating the World
52
The Language of Obligation
66
The Grammar of Christian Practice
91
Knowing Evil
111
The Body as Sign and Problem
130
Senses of an Ending
174
The Moral Story
189
POSTSCRIPT History Pluralism and Christian Morality
211
Notes
221
Bibliography of Secondary Works Cited
243
Index of Early Christian Literature
261
Subject Index
270
Copyright

A Life Worthy of God
150

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