The Lifeline of the Oregon Country: The Fraser-Columbia Brigade System, 1811-47
In The Lifeline of the Oregon Country, James Gibson compellingly immerses the reader in one of the most intractable problems faced by the Hudson's Bay Company: how to realize wealth from such a remote and formidable land. The personalities, places, obstacles, and operations involved in the brigade system are all described in fascinating detail, stretch by stretch from Fort St. James, the depot of New Caledonia on the upper reaches of the Fraser River, to Fort Vancouver, the Columbia Department's entrepôt on the lower Columbia River, and back. Never before has such a rich collection of primary information concerning the fur trade supply system and the constraining role of logistics been so meticulously assembled. The Lifeline of the Oregon Country will prove indispensable to historians, researchers, and fur trade enthusiasts alike, and is an important contribution to our understanding of the economic history of the Pacific Slope.
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Alexandria April arrived Astorian August Beaver Big Dalles boats bourgeois brigade leader brigade left Caledonia canoes cargo Cascades Chief Factor Connolly Chief Traders Columbia District Columbia River Colvile Correspondence Book Inwards Correspondence Book Outwards Country crossed Dease depot District Report Douglas dried salmon early Encamped Ermatinger feet Fort Alexandria Fort Colvile Fort George Fort Kamloops Fort Nez Perces Fort St Fort Vancouver Fraser's Lake Frasers River Fur Trade Governor and Committee Governor and Council Governor George Simpson Governor Simpson HBCA horse brigade Ibid Indians James July June Kamloops kegs loads March McDonald McDougall McLeod's Lake miles Mountain natives navigation Nez Perces nolly Northern Department November oclock October Ogden Okanagan Lake Oregon outfit pieces portage Post Journal provisions Rapids returns Ross route September ship spring Stuart's Lake summer supply Thompson's River transport upriver Vancouver voyage Walla Walla Warre weather Wilkes winter York Factory