## University Arithmetic: Embracing the Science of Numbers, and General Rules for Their Application |

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### Common terms and phrases

acres altitude amount Analysis.—The annex Arithmetic Avoirdupois barrels of flour base bill bought bushels called cash cents a pound ciphers common denominator common fraction composite number compound contain continued fraction cords Cube root cubic inches decimal places denoting diameter difference discount Divide dividend division dollars equal exact divisor Examples excess of 9's exchange expressed figures foot fractional unit gain gallons greatest common divisor hence hogsheads hundred improper fraction interest least common multiple length longitude measure merchant Metric system miles mills mixed numbers months multiplicand Multiply operation ounces paid payable payment premium prime factors proportional purchase quotient ratio receive reckoned remainder repetend rods Rule Rule.—Multiply sell share shillings sold specific gravity square root subtract sugar thousand Troy weight weight whole number worth write yards of cloth

### Popular passages

Page 177 - To multiply a decimal by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the right as there are ciphers in the multiplier ; and if there be not places enough in the number, annex ciphers.

Page 215 - Then multiply the second and third terms together, and divide the product by the first term: the quotient will be the fourth term, or answer.

Page 145 - Multiply the numerators together for a new numerator, and the denominators together for a new denominator.

Page 113 - Divide the less number by the remainder, the last divisor by the last remainder, and so on, till nothing remains. The last divisor will be the greatest common divisor sought.

Page 109 - The Least Common Multiple of two or more numbers is the least number which is a multiple of each of them; thus, 12 is the least common multiple of 2, 3, and 4.

Page 326 - Multiply the divisor, thus increased, by the last figure of the root; subtract the product from the dividend, and to the remainder bring down the next period for a new dividend. 5. Double the whole root already found for a new divisor, and continue the operation as before, until all the periods are brought down.

Page 280 - RULE. Divide the given sum by the amount of $1. for the given rate and time ; and the quotient will be the present worth.

Page 389 - The power is to the weight, as the height of the plane is to its length.

Page 324 - THE SQUARE ROOT of a number is one of its two equal factors.

Page 373 - A circle is a plane figure bounded by a curved line, every point of which is equally distant from a point within called the center.