Physiological plant ecology I: responses to the physical environment
Fundamentals of radiation and temperature relations. Photosynthetically active radiation. Responses to different quantum flux densities. Non-photosynthetic responses to light quality. Responses to photoperiod. Plant response to solar ultraviolet radiation. Responses to ionizing radiation. The aquatic environment. Responses to light in aquatic plants. Responses of macrophytes to temperature. Responses of microorganisms to temperature. Responses to extreme temperatures. cellular and sub-cellular bases. Ecological significance of resistance to low temperature. Ecological significance of resistance to high temperature. Wind as an ecological factor. Fire as an ecological factor. The soil environment. Water in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. Water in tissues and cells. Water uptake and flow in roots. Water uptake by organs other than roots. Transport and storage of water. Resistance of plant surfaces to water loss: transport properties of cutin, suberin and associated lipids. Stomatal responses, water loss and CO2,-assimilation rates of plants in contrasting environments. Mathematical models of plant water loss and plant water relations. Physiological responses to moderate water stress. Desiccation-tolerance. Frost drought and its ecological significance. Environmental aspects of the germination of seeds. Environmental aspects of the germination of spores. Physiological responses to flooding. Functional significance of different pathaways of CO2 fixation in photosynthesis. Modelling of photosynthetic response to environmental conditions. Regulation of water use relation to carbon gain in higher plants. Plant life forms and their carbon, water and nutrient relations. The ionic environment and plant ionic relations. Osmoregulation. Halotolerant eukaryotes. Halotolerant prokaryotes. Physiology and ecology of nitrogen nutrition. Influence of limestone, silicates and soil pH on plants. Toxicity and tolerance in the response of plants to metals. Ecophysiology of N2-fixing systems. Ecophysiology of mycorrhizal symbioses. Ecophysiology of lichen symbioses. Interactions between plants and animals in marine systems. Ecophysiology of carnivorous plants. Host-parasite interactions in higher plants. Virus ecology - 'struggle' of the genes. Ecophysiology of zoophilic pollination. Physiological ecology of fruits and their seeds. physiological and ecological implications of herbivory. Interactions between plants. Nutrient allocation in plant communities: mineral cycling in terrestrial ecosystems. Nutrient cycling in freshwater ecosystems. Nutrient cycling in marine ecosystems. Modelling of growth and production. Productivity of agricultural systems. Productivity of grassland and tundra. Productivity of desert and mediterranean-climate plants. Productivity of temperate deciduous and evergreen forests. Productivity of tropical forests and tropical woodlands. Phytoplankton productivity in aquatic ecosystems. Effects of biocides and growth regulators: physiological basis. Effects of biocides and growth regulators: ecological implications. Eutrophication processes and pollution of fresh water ecosystems including waste heat.
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CS1RO Division of Food Research Department of Botany
P W Rundel Leicester LEI 7 RHUnited Kingdom
Fire as an Ecological Factor
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absorption acclimation action spectrum adaptation algae aquatic Biol biological Bjorkman boundary layer C4 plants canopy cells changes chlorophyll chlorophyll content chloroplast chromosome CO2 pressure coefficient crop diffuse dinoflagellates dose ecological effects energy environment environmental enzymes factors far-red light fire flowering fluence rate function germination grown habitats heat tolerance high light higher plants Ichikawa increase inhibition irradiance Larcher leaf leaf area leaf temperature light intensity light levels light regime light-saturated lipids low temperature measurements membrane mesophyll mutation natural Oecologia ozone photoinhibition photon photoperiod photosynthetic rate photosynthetically active radiation physiological phytochrome phytoplankton pigment plant growth Plant Physiol protein quantum flux densities quantum yield radiosensitivity ratio reaction resistance response RuBP RuBP carboxylase seedlings seeds sensitivity shade plants shadelight Sinapis alba Smith soil solar UV somatic species spectral spectrum stress studies sun and shade surface thermal thermophilic tion tissue Tradescantia UV-B vegetation wavelengths