Moorish Architecture in Andalusia
Spain owes its special historical position in Europe very largely to his intensive encounter with the Orient. In the summer of 710, a small force under the command of a Berber named Taî f ibn Mâ lik landed to the west of Gibraltar. The Islamic armies that followed in its wake succeeded in conquering large areas of Spain within a short span of years. The conquerors gave the country the name of ""al-andalus."" Thus began a period of cultural permeation that was to last for almost 800 years. In spite of intolerance and animosity, there developed between Muslims, Christians, and Jews a shared cultural environment that proved the basis for great achievements. Moorish-Andalusian art and architecture combine elements of various traditions into a new, autonomous style. Among the outstanding architectural witnesses to this achievement are the Great Mosque in Cordova and the Alhambra in Granada, recognized and admired as part of the world's heitage right up to the present day. They are described in detail in this book. The main centres of Hispano-Islamic art and architecture, the cities of Cordova, Seville and Granada, are discussed within the chronological framework of developments, both political and cultural, from 710 to 1492.
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The Expansion of Islam
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11th century Abbasid Abd ar-Rahman Abd ar-Rahman III aisles al-Andalus al-Hakam Alcazaba Alcazar Alhambra Aljaferia Almeria Almohad Almoravid Andalusia Arabic architecture Balaguer Berber Bobastro building built Byzantine Caliphate capital castle central Chief Mosque Christian church circumference wall Comares complex Cordova courtyard dating decoration dome dynasty East Emir Ewert example excavated facade faience forms fortified fortress Friday mosque garden gate Generalife Granada ground plan Iberian idem inscription Islamic Spain later Lion Court Madinat al-Zahra Maghreb Malaga Marrakesh metres mihrab minaret Morocco mosaics Mosque in Cordova motifs mountain Mozarabic mudejar Muhammad muqarnas Murcia Muslims Nasrid nave North Africa op.cit Orient original ornamentation Patio prayer hall probably qibla qibla wall rectangular religious remains ribs Roman ruler Salon Rico Saqaliba Saragossa Seville side Spanish structure stucco taifa taifa period TASCHEN rst TASCHEN TASCHEN TASCHEN tion Toledo Torres Balbas towers town Umayyad vault vegetal Visigothic Yusuf Zirid