British Colonial Rule in Sarawak, 1946-1963

Front Cover
Oxford University Press, 1997 - History - 424 pages
Sarawak, romanticized as the Land of the White Rajahs until 1946, did not fit into the normal patterns of a colony. The British Government annexed Sarawak after World War II without much enthusiasm when colonialism was coming under increasing scrutiny and Britain was in dire economic straits. Seventeen years later, at the first meeting of Sarawak's first fully elected state government, the government voted in favour of becoming a part of the Federation of Malaysia and two weeks later the British Government relinquished sovereignty in Sarawak. How and why did the rather reluctant and controversial annexation come about and what was the background to the haste to hand over sovereignty immediately a totally inexperienced state government came into power? Were the pledges on economic, political, and social advances made to the people of Sarawak honoured when Britain annexed the state or were they mere vapid political statements?

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Contents

Introduction
1
A Preview of the Colonial Period
7
Constitutional Change 19461963
16
Constitutional and Electoral Reforms
25
Local Government under the Brookes
34
Early Political Organizations Resistance
51
Political Parties
61
Communism in Sarawak
77
Forestry and Forest Produce
211
Oil Mining and Industrialization
230
Infrastructure for Economic Development
244
Land
264
Labour in Paid Employment
281
Education
293
Social Services 329 17 Social Services
330
Public Health
345

CCO Activity in the Trade Union Movement
83
The Formation of Malaysia
96
The Administrative Service
117
Administration 18901947
120
The Law and the Judiciary
142
Law and Order Enforcement Agencies
158
Agriculture
177
Conclusion
365
Social Intervention
374
Appendices
382
Glossary
398
Index
418
Maps
422

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