Indians in Pennsylvania
DIANE Publishing Inc., Aug 1, 2007 - 200 pages
Since its original pub. in 1961, this book has been one of the best & most popular histories of the Indians of PA. This edition updates some factual content while retaining the author┐s original interpretation. The Delawares who were the Indians most closely associated with PA, called themselves ┐Lenni Lenape┐, which means the Real (or Original) People. Wallace discusses their origins, neighbors, physical appearance & dress, villages & houses, occupations, travel, warfare, gov┐t. & social org., life cycle, religion, & amusements; the Iroquois Confederacy; the Beaver Wars; Indian refugees in PA; the Shawnees; Indian land cessions & Delaware migrations; PA Indian policy & Indian wars; the Cornplanter Grant; & famous Indians of PA. Illustrations.
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Page 53 - ... their order is thus : the king sits in the middle of an half moon, and hath his council, the old and wise on each hand : behind them, or at a little distance, sit the younger fry, in the same figure.
Page 20 - Biit, in liberality they excel; nothing is too good for their friend: give them a fine gun, coat, or other thing, it may pass twenty hands before it sticks : light of heart, strong affections, but soon spent. The most merry creatures that live, feast and dance perpetually ; they never have much, nor want much : wealth circulateth like the blood ; all parts partake ; and though none shall want what another hath, yet exact observers of property.
Page 20 - In this they are sufficiently revenged on us; if they are ignorant of our pleasures, they are also free from our pains. They are not disquieted with bills of lading and exchange, nor perplexed with chancery suits, and exchequer reckonings. We sweat and toil to live; their pleasure feeds them; I mean their hunting, fishing and fowling; and this table is spread every where.
Page 83 - ... names which they have given to their several tribes were mere badges of distinction, or " coats of arms " as Pyrlaeus calls them ; but if we pay attention to the reasons which they give for those denominations, the idea of a supposed family connexion is easily discernible, The Tortoise, or as it is commonly called, the Turtle tribe, among the Lenape, claims a superiority and ascendency over the others, because their relation, the great Tortoise, a fabled monster, the Atlas of their mythology,...
Page 19 - If you give them anything to eat or drink, well, for they will not ask; and, be it little or much, if it be with kindness, they are well pleased: else they go away sullen, but say nothing.
Page 19 - Jew. The thick lip and flat nose, so frequent with the East Indians and blacks, are not common to them ; for I have seen as comely European-like faces among them of both, as on your side the sea...
Page 53 - Their Government is by Kings, which they call Sachema, and those by Succession, but always of the Mothers side; for Instance, the Children of him that is now King, will not succeed, but his Brother by the Mother, or the Children of his Sister, whose Sons (and after them the Children of her Daughters) will reign...
Page 10 - They can make neere 600 able and mighty men, and are pallisadoed in their Townes to defend them from the Massawomekes their mortall enimies.
Page 38 - Medico, of the Indians consists of various roots and plants known to themselves, the properties of which they are not fond of disclosing to strangers. They make considerable use of the barks of trees, such as the white and black oak, the white walnut, of which they make pills, the cherry, dogwood, maple, birch, and several others. They prepare and compound these medicines in different ways, which they keep a profound secret. Those preparations are frequently mixed with superstitious practices, calculated...