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Adam Smith advantage agri agricultural nation agricultural products agriculturist Antonio Serra attained augmentation balance of trade circumstances civilisation colonial produce commercial policy competition condition consequence consumption Continental continually corn corn laws cotton countries cultivation culture demand division of labour effect England English manufactured especially established exchange existence exports facturing favour foreign manufactured foreign trade France free trade freedom French German Government greater Hanseatic League hence Holland importation improvement increase independence individual influence interests internal landed property latter laws liberty maintain manu manufac manufacturing industry manufacturing nation manufacturing power manufacturing production material capital means of transport mental merchants merely Methuen Treaty native natural naval power navigation North America political economy population possession precious metals productive powers promote prosperity protective duties protective system raw materials rent requires respect restrictions Russia Spain supremacy tariff territory theory tion towns Treaty union United value of land wealth whole Zollverein
Page 141 - Between each individual and entire humanity, however, stands the nation, with its special language and literature, with its peculiar origin and history, with its special manners and customs, laws and institutions, with the claims of all these for existence, independence, perfection and continuance for the future...
Page 141 - ... and in its united character is still opposed to other societies of a similar kind in their national liberty, and consequently can only under the existing conditions of the world maintain self-existence and independence by its own power and resources. As the individual chiefly obtains by means of the nation and in the nation mental culture, power of production, security, and prosperity, sO is the civilisation of the human race only conceivable and possible by means of the civilisation and development...
Page 20 - A merchant, it has been I said very properly, is not necessarily the citizen of any particular country. It is in a great measure indifferent to him from what place he carries on his trade; and a very trifling disgust will make him remove his capital, and together with it all the industiy which it supports, from one country to another.
Page 108 - The power of producing wealth is therefore infinitely more important than wealth itself; it insures not only the possession and the increase of what has been gained, but also the replacement of what has been lost.
Page 375 - Laser Print natural white, a 60 # book weight acid-free archival paper which meets the requirements of ANSI/NISO Z39.48-1992 (permanence of paper) Preservation photocopying and binding by Acme Bookbinding Charlestown, Massachusetts CD 1995 The borrower must return this item on or before the last date stamped below.
Page 17 - Russia had conferred privileges on an English company. The order of Teutonic knights, who had for centuries been the allies as well as (originally) the children of the League, declined and was dissolved. The Dutch and the English drove them out of all markets, and supplanted them in every court. Finally, the discovery of the route to the East indies by the Cape of Good Hope, operated most seriously to their disadvantage. These leaguers, who during the period of their might and prosperity had scarcely...
Page xviii - The present state of the nations is the result of the accumulation of all discoveries, inventions, improvements, perfections, and exertions of all generations which have lived before us; they form the mental capital of the present human race...
Page xiv - To propose that Great Britain should voluntarily give up all authority over her colonies, and leave them to elect their own magistrates, to enact their own laws, and to make peace and war as they might think proper, would be to propose such a measure as never was and never will be adopted by any nation in the world.
Page 287 - ... a statesman will know and must know, over and above that, how the productive powers of a whole nation can be awakened, increased, and protected, and how on the other hand they are weakened, laid to sleep, or utterly destroyed...
Page 255 - The school recognises no distinction in reference to the establishment of manufacturing industry in a State between those nations which are not adapted for such industry and those which, owing to the nature of their territory, to perfectly developed agriculture, to their civilisation, and to their just claims for guarantees for their future prosperity, for their permanence, and for their power, are clearly qualified to establish such an industry for themselves. The school fails to perceive that under...