Dispositional Pluralism

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Oxford University Press, 2018 - Philosophy - 261 pages
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Jennifer McKitrick offers an opinionated guide to the philosophy of dispositions. In her view, when an object has a disposition, it is such that, if a certain type of circumstance were to occur, a certain kind of event would occur. Since it is very common for this to be the case for a
variety of reasons, dispositions are very abundant and diverse. They include such varied properties as character traits like a hero's courage, characteristics of physical objects like a wine glass's fragility, and characteristics of microphysical entities like an electron's charge. Some
dispositions are natural while others are non-natural. Some dispositions called powers are ungrounded while non-fundamental dispositions are grounded in other properties. Some dispositions manifest constantly, some of them manifest spontaneously, while others manifest only when they are
triggered to do so. Some dispositions manifest by causing another dispositional property to be instantiated, while others have manifestations that involve non-dispositional properties and relations. Some dispositions are intrinsic to their bearers while others are extrinsic. Some of them are
causally relevant to their manifestations while others are not. Some dispositions manifest in some particular way in particular circumstances, while other dispositions manifest in various ways in various circumstances. What makes all of these diverse properties dispositions is their connection to
a certain kind of counterfactual fact. Nevertheless, disposition ascriptions are not semantically reducible to counterfactual claims.
 

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Contents

Introduction to Dispositional Pluralism
1
The Failure of Conceptual Analysis
15
Abundant Properties
42
The Metaphysics of Dispositional Pluralism
70
Manifestations
100
Triggers
113
Ungrounded Dispositions
131
Extrinsic Dispositions
158
Causal Efficacy of Dispositions
178
Causal Relevance
194
Against Necessitarianism
211
Conclusion
229
Bibliography
243
Index
255
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About the author (2018)


Jennifer McKitrick is Professor and Chair of Philosophyat the Universuity of Nebraska, Lincoln, where she has worked since 2004.

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