Ozone Diplomacy

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Harvard University Press, 1998 - Law - 449 pages
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Hailed in the Foreign Service Journal as "a landmark book that should command the attention of every serious student of American diplomacy, international environmental issues, or the art of negotiation," and cited in Nature for its "worthwhile insights on the harnessing of science and diplomacy," the first edition of Ozone Diplomacy offered an insider's view of the politics, economics, science, and diplomacy involved in creating the precedent-setting treaty to protect the Earth: the 1987 Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer.

The first edition ended with a discussion of the revisions to the protocol in 1990 and offered lessons for global diplomacy regarding the then just-maturing climate change issue. Now Richard Benedick--a principal architect and the chief U.S. negotiator of the historic treaty--expands the ozone story, bringing us to the eve of the tenth anniversary of the Montreal Protocol. He describes subsequent negotiations to deal with unexpected major scientific discoveries and important amendments adding new chemicals and accelerating the phaseout schedules. Implementing the revised treaty has forced the protocol's signatories to confront complex economic and political problems, including North-South financial and technology transfer issues, black markets for banned CFCs, revisionism, and industry's willingness and ability to develop new technologies and innovative substitutes. In his final chapter Benedick offers a new analysis applying the lessons of the ozone experience to ongoing climate change negotiations.

Ozone Diplomacy has frequently been cited as the definitive book on the most successful environment treaty, and is essential reading for those concerned about the future of our planet.

 

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Contents

Lessons from History
1
The Science Models of Uncertainty
9
Spray Cans and Europolitics
23
Prelude to Consensus
40
Forging the US Position
51
The Sequence of Negotiations
68
Points of Debate
77
The Immediate Aftermath
98
Promoting Compliance
269
New Controls for North and South
287
A New Global Diplomacy Ozone Lessons and Climate Change
306
Chronology
335
Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer March 1985
341
Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer September 1987
353
London Revisions to the Montreal Protocol June 1990 Excerpts
365
Montreal Protocol Phaseout Schedules
379

New Science New Urgency
108
The Road to Helsinki
118
The Protocol in Evolution
129
The South Claims a Role
148
Strong Decisions in London
163
Accelerating the Phaseout
193
A New Phase for the Protocol
218
Common but Differentiated Responsibilities
241
Terms of Reference for the Multilateral Fund
381
Terms of Reference of the Executive Committee
385
Noncompliance Procedure
388
The Nearly Universal Treaty Parties to the 1985 Vienna Convention and 1987 Montreal Protocol with Ratifications to the 1990 London and 1992 Co...
390
Notes
395
Select Ozone Bibliography
434
Index
436
Copyright

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About the author (1998)

Ambassador Richard Elliot Benedick has had extensive diplomatic and negotiating experience in the U.S. Foreign Service. As a result of his work on the historic Montreal Protocol, he received in 1988 the highest presidential career public service honor: the Presidential Distinguished Service Award. In September 1997 he received the United Nations Environment Programme s Ozone Award for his work in negotiating the protocol and subsequent efforts on behalf of the ozone layer.

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