Ataturk: A Biography of Mustafa Kemal, Father of Modern Turkey
From the Back Cover: Here is Lord Kinross's definitive and masterful biography of Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk, or literally "Father Turk"), a man whom Winston Churchill and Arnold Toynbee hailed as one of the truly great figures of the twentieth century. Ataturk's foreign policy was unique among the dictators of his age in that it was based not on expansion but retraction of frontiers; he ultimately succeeded in transforming the old sprawling Ottoman Empire into a compact, new Turkish republic. Many years of research, perennial visits to Turkey, and access to the documents in the Presidential Archives in Ankara and to surviving colleagues of the Turkish leader combine here with the gifts of an eloquent writer to provide a vivid and readable portrait of the man who made feudal Turkey into a modern republic.
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The war of independence
The start of the struggle
The Erzurum Congress
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