Darfur and the Crime of Genocide
In 2004, the State Department gathered more than a thousand interviews from refugees in Chad that verified Colin Powell's UN and congressional testimonies about the Darfur genocide. The survey cost nearly a million dollars to conduct and yet it languished in the archives as the killing continued, claiming hundreds of thousands of murder and rape victims and restricting several million survivors to camps. This book fully examines that survey and its heartbreaking accounts. It documents the Sudanese government's enlistment of Arab Janjaweed militias in destroying black African communities. The central questions are: why is the United States so ambivalent to genocide? Why do so many scholars deemphasize racial aspects of genocide? How can the science of criminology advance understanding and protection against genocide? This book gives a vivid firsthand account and voice to the survivors of genocide in Darfur.
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ADS interviews Alex de Waal American Arab militia Atrocities Documentation Survey attacks Bendesi Black African groups bombing chapter CMRs collective racial intent complex humanitarian emergencies crimes against humanity criminology Darfur conflict Darfurians Dawai Edwin Sutherland estimate ethnic evidence Figure former Yugoslavia Geneina genocidal victimization genocidal violence genocide in Darfur Global North groups in Darfur Harun health researchers heard Holocaust Human Rights Watch Ibid included International Criminal Court international criminal law involved Janjaweed forces John Hagan Kebkabiya Khartoum killed Kosovo Kushayb land livestock Masalit Masteri military militia leader mortality motivation and intent Mukjar Musa Hilal North Darfur Nuba organization percent population prosecution Prosecutor racial epithets raped rebel refugee camps refugees in Chad reported respondent role Rwanda sexual violence Sheldon Glueck social Sociological soldiers Sudanese government targeted Tora Bora tribes United violence in Darfur West Darfur whitecollar crime women York youth Zaghawa Zoellick